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Verbs from nouns

From:Herman Miller <hmiller@...>
Date:Wednesday, June 11, 2003, 2:58
Are there technical terms for different kinds of verb derivation from noun
roots? Here are some examples from Lindiga with the -l suffix, which has
the general meaning of "to put in, to wear".

floka       "bottle"          ["vlOkA]
flokalich   "to bottle"       ["vlOkAliC]
flokaléfi   "bottled"         [%vlOkA"lEvi]

kumsa       "grave"           ["kumzA]
kumsalich   "to bury"         ["kumzAliC]
kumsalás    "burial"          [%kumzA"lAs]

rnikcha     "mask"            ["n`ikxA]
rnikchlich  "to wear a mask"  ["n`ikxAliC]
rnikchaléfi "masked"          [%n`ikxA"lEvi]

English has a few nouns that derive a "put in" verb by zero derivation
(bottle, can, package), and some with prefixes (encase, entomb, entrap).
Different kinds of verbs can be derived from other nouns: "apply to" (glue,
tape), "hit with" (hammer), "protect with" (shield), "remove from" (peel,
skin), and others. Not to mention all sorts of quirky derivations like
"outfox" and "demonize", where you can't really predict the meaning of the
word from its parts. But I'm just getting started with this aspect of
Lindiga morphology, and I don't want to end up being influenced too
strongly by English. So seeing examples of this sort of thing in other
languages would be helpful.


Roger Mills <romilly@...>
David Pettersson <dapet@...>
BP Jonsson <bpj@...>