haran lamim (The North Wind and The Sun)
|From:||Sanghyeon Seo <sanxiyn@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, February 10, 2005, 9:15|
Hello, new to the list. I want to introduce my conlang named "haran lamim"
(simply "national speech" in its own language).
Some orthography note. haran lamim romanization uses the standard Roman
alphabet without F, Q, W, X and Z. Romanization does not use capital letters.
In the following discussion, capital letters represent graphemes.
are in X-SAMPA, or in Conlang X-SAMPA. (I think 1 is from XS, but & is
1 is frequent so I don't want to write it as i\.)
* B, D, G, H, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, T, V has its value as in IPA.
* C is cluster [ts]. J is [dz].
* Digraph NG is [N]. SS is [T].
* A, E, I, O, U, Y is [a], [@], [i], [o], [u], .
* AI, EI, OI, UI is [&], [e], , [y].
* YI exists, but is rare and a quirk of spelling system anyway.
It is mostly [i], but doesn't palatalize the preceding consonant. (see below)
Following automatic sound changes are applied: (subject to change, I'm
this, et cetra.)
* [h]. Deleted after nasals. Allophone [f] before [o] and [u].
* [i]. Palatalizes the preceding consonant from [d], [n], [s], [t], [z] to
[dZ], [J], [S], [tS], [Z]. ([i] which doesn't do this is written YI.)
* [ai], [ei], [oi], [ui] formed by suffixes turn to monophthongs as in
the orthography suggests.
Let's see the title. _dui lubimirang hai_ [dy lubimiraN h&]. _dui_ is "north",
_lubim_ is "blowing", _=irang_ is "and", _hai_ is "sun". Easy? As you see,
haran lamim lacks articles.
So here's the first paragraph of The North Wind and The Sun: will continue
to next paragraphs soon...
_ny lanhe dui lubimirang haii nui de seici hossako issessydei gynakuni deg
otar ibeci ossyta. je deg otar debeke ham nui de sein nura hajako tagessyta._
As you will see, haran lamim is agglutinative.
AND: noun continuation
AUX: auxiliary verb
CALL: it is called, named (verb suffix)
not sure how it is called in proper terminology
CONT: verb continuation
COP: copula (=BE)
END: verb phrase end
FUTR: future tense
OTOH: on the other hand (verb suffix)
PAST: past tense
PRES: present tense
BE/DO: as you see :-)
MORE/EARLIER: as you see :-)
WHAT/WHO: as you see, but has many more functions. hard to define.
WHAT is for impersonal, WHO is for personal.
_ny lan-he dui lubim-irang hai-i_
[n1 lan@ dy lubimiraN h&i]
WHAT day.LOC north wind.AND sun.SUBJ
* example of [h] deletion.
* [&i] is not diphthong. Should I write [&.i] with syllable break?
* WHAT is used as "not specific", qualifying noun.
_nu-i de sei-ci hossa-ko iss-ess-ydei_
[ny d@ setSi foTako iT1de]
WHO.SUBJ MORE strong.CONT fight.PROG AUX.PAST.OTOH
* example of automatic [ui] > [y].
* example of palatalization [tsi] > [tSi].
* example of [h] as [f] before [o].
* _issess_ is spelling anomality. Sounds same with _iss_, but _iss_ would be
_i_ + _=(e)ss_, where _i_ is a copula.
* "who is more strong" embedded with CONT.
* "was fighting, and on the other hand"
_gyna-kun-i deg ot-ar ib-eci o-ss-yta_
[g1nakuJi d@g otar ibetSi oT1ta]
wayfare.AGT.SUBJ outer cloth.OBJ wear.CONT come.PAST.END
* example of palatalizing [n] to [J].
* as you see between _seici_ and _ibeci_, [@] is inserted between verb root and
suffix if verb ends with closed syllable.
4. je deg ot-ar deb-eke ha-m nu-i
[dz@ d@g otar d@b@k@ ham ny]
EARLIER outer cloth.OBJ takeoff.CAUS DO.PRES WHO.SUBJ
* _=m_ here turns verb to qualifier. "earlier outer-cloth takeoff-causing".
5. de sein nura ha-ja-ko tag-ess-yta.
[d@ sen nura hadzako tag@T1ta]
MORE strong.PAST WHO.CALL DO.INTENT.PROG agree.PAST.END
* WHO is relative pronoun here.
* CALL. "let's call who to be more strong"