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Ulutsuan (Taxa family)

From:Aidan Grey <grey@...>
Date:Thursday, November 28, 2002, 3:01
  hey all,

This is a cross post from the Arda-lang project. I hereby present
Ulutsuan, the language of the Ulutsu in southern Arda. This is mostly
a simple sketch, but since the lang is fairly simple, it should do.

Simple phonology

Cons: p, t, k, r, l, n, m, tl, ', s, sh, h, w, y, ps, ts, ks, ch

Vowels: a, o, u, e, i (only short)

no final consonants, all syllables (C)V


1s a
2s ka
2s rou (polite)
3s ti
1p tsa
1pe una (polite)
1pi nae (polite)
2p ra
3p ou
gap/resumpt. tlo

Used in relative clauses, 'tlo' is always absolutive, and always
         required. Other roles indicated by other particles with the inverse.
         For example:  The tree whose branch I hold =
         rotlo kai a neye kai tlo milama
         lit. tree REL I branch of it hold

         the particle 'e' is not required after tlo.


non-past: -
past/habitual: wa
perfective: ho
irrealis (non-past): ma
potential: ksu

completive: -'a
progressive: -'e

negative: -ya
interrogative: -ha
neg int: -hai

inverse particle: u

order: tense - inv - arguments(SOV) - stem - int/neg - mood

Case particles.

agent (ergative): -
patient/subject (absolutive): e
dative: na
genitive/relative: kai

locative: o
ablative (from): lo
allative (to, towards): i
perlative (through, along): pu

predicative: so

modifiers after head, after particle

The inverse particle is used to indicate an abnormal order. All nouns
belong to a hierarchy of activity, and nouns with higher activity
always act on nouns of lower activity. For pronouns, the obvious
hierarchy is 1 > 2 > 3. The inverse particle allows 3 > 2 > 1.

Check my examples below with the horse, to make sure it makes sense to
you. I think I may have the meanings backwards.

I see you.      A ka e che.
I used to see you.       Wa a ka e che.
Did I see you?      Ho a ka e cheha?
if I don't see you...      Shu ma a ka e cheya...
Whoa! I can see you!      A'a ksu a ka e che!
I glanced at you.      Ho a ka e che'a.
I am staring at you.      A ka e che'e.
You see me.      A u ka e che
You see him.      Ka ti e che.
He doesn't see you.      Ka u ti e cheya.
The man I saw is tall.      Osa e kai ho a tlo che so yu'a.
She is sitting in a tree.      Ti e pe'e rotlo o.
I used to eat my food up.      Wa a uno (kai a) e noro'a.
The horse killed him.      Ho ti u aile e kutsu.
He let the horse kill him.     Aile ti e kutsu.
I will chop down the tall tree tomorrow.
       Shike'e a rotlo e yu'a kono'a.

Any comments?