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Re: middles

From:Nik Taylor <fortytwo@...>
Date:Saturday, September 26, 1998, 0:58
> Ha! After a few minutes looking, I managed to find an example of > a natlang which consistently assigns dative case to the subjects of > verbs of perception and emotion.
W. *almost* does that. Most verbs of perception and emotion take dative for the subject of the verb: NaTyanaz lassiu John-dat. see-1.Sg.Abs. John sees me All sensory verbs can take the prefix la- turning it into a experiencer-subject, with the connotation of control by the subject: naTyanal lalassitas naBaba John-erg. ES-see-3.Sg.Rat.Abs. Bob-abs. John looks at Bob/John watches Bob A few verbs, like up=E1 (to love) take the commitative for the object, an= d absolutive for the experiencer naTyan up=E1tas tiSun John-abs. love-3.Sg.Rat.Abs. Sue-com. John loves Sue (cf. "John is in love with Sue") However, "to be in love with" isn't a perfect translation, since in English one can't "be in love with" their mother (unless, perhaps, they're in Mississippi ;-)) The idea is that neither participant has any control - the state of loving is a natural phenomenon that exists between them. "To love perfectly" (I forget the verb), take experiencer-subject. This would be used to translate "love" in passages like "For God so loved the world ...", the idea being that God is making an effort to love. --=20 "Public media should not contain explicit or implied descriptions of sex acts. Our society should be purged of the perverts who provide the media with pornographic material while pretending it has some redeeming social value under the public's 'right to know.'" - Kenneth Star, 1987 ICQ: 18656696 AOL IM: Nik Tailor