Idaly -- my latest conlang attempt
|From:||Aaron Morse <artlangs@...>|
|Date:||Friday, March 10, 2006, 15:53|
Phonology (X-Sampa is between //, orthography < >)
/p, t, k, b, d, g/ <p, t, c, b, d, g>
/m, n, J/ <m, n, nj>
/l, r, r\, w, L, j/ <l, rr, r, w, lj, j>
/f, v, S, Z, T, h/ <f, v, s, z, th, h>
/a, e, E, i, I, o, u/ <a, e, e, i, i, o, y>
Words can start with a vowel, a liquid, a fricative, or a nasal.
Medial consonant clusters can be: stop+liquid, nasal+liquid,
fricative+liquid, liquid+stop, nasal+voiced fricative, m+'n or nj
Final consonant clusters: liquid+stop
Idaly word order is SOV, the language is based primarily around infixation.
Nouns can be in the nominative, accusative, dative, genetive, and locative.
Numbers can be plural or singular.
Nominative: ylari (man)
Accusative: yinylari (man, direct object)
Dative: yahelari (man, indirect object)
Genetive: yirolari (man's, of the man)
Locative: yarelari (at/on/in/whatever the man)
The plural number infix is -an-: ylarani, men.
If a noun is the "experiencer" of a sentence (for example, in the sentence
the window broke, the window is the experiencer), then the noun takes the
Verbs conjugate for person and aspect/mood.
1st Person: -ymra-
2nd Person: -eldy-
3rd Person: -aca-
ecriola = to go
emracriola = I go
emranacriola = We go
emranacriolanja = we are going
Note that initial/final vowels on infixes and suffixes are lost when placed
next to vowels in the root word.
Tense is shown by particles that come at the beginning of a sentence. If a
sentence repeats the tense shown by the previous sentence, then the particle
can be dropped.
Far Past: sad
Near Past: sar
Near Future: sath
Far Future: samna
sath ylarani zama rinymnany ecriolaija
sath ylar<an>i zama ri<iny>mnany ecriola-aija
FUT man<PL> to house<ACC> go-IMP.NEG
the men will be going to the house
sar eretlino makronjima
sal makronji<yma> e<are>tlino
PRESENT window<LOC> break<PERF.SUBJ>
The window would break
sad zor eretlino zama rinymnany eldynacriolanja
sad zor e<are>tlino zamnar ri<iny>mnany e<eldy-na>criola<enja>
PAST through window<LOC> into house<ACC> go<2-PL><IMP.IND>
/SAd Zor\ ErEtlino ZAmA r\inumnAnu EldunAkriolAJA/
You (pl) were going through the window into the house
A LONGER EXAMPLE
The North Sun and the Moon
Sad marwen wengos-ja, zyrna tha sad rygra-lje, thyshvanla-nja.
PAST wind sun-and, about who PAST strong-COMP, argue-IMP.INDICATIVE
Rinamvengza v<are>enga z<aca-an>osla, wengos-ja nolbemral:
Wanderer road<LOC> see<3-PL<, sun-and say:
O<iny>ndar th<iro>yshvan y<iro-na>mra i<ymra>mnelda! Sath ha
"Solution<ACC> argument<GEN> 1<GEN-PL> know<1>! FUT one
y<iro-na>mra, sal shyr r<iny>mvengza o<ahe>dyira a<iro>ca fasvanla
1<GEN-PL>, PRES that wanderer<ACC> cloak<DAT> 3<GEN> remove
thydrola, amnylda rygra-lje-z. Sath f<elda>ardian.
cause, think strong-COMP-NOUN. FUT begin<2>."
Sad marwen wengosja, zyrna tha sad rygralje, thyshvanlanja. Rinamvengza
varenga zacanosla, wengosja nolbemral: Oinyndar thiryshvan yironamra
imramnelda! Sath ha yironamra, sal shyr rinymvengza oahedyira aroca fasvanla
thydrola, amnylda rygraljez. Sath feldardian.
A recording is available: http://anm.myfxh.com/northwindandsun-idaly.mp3