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3rd-person imperative

From:James Campbell <james@...>
Date:Monday, May 8, 2000, 10:49
Jameld has a feature that is surely not unique, yet I don't recall seeing it
elsewhere in any other lang. This is the fact that the imperative is not
restricted to the 2nd person.

[I've seen a 1P-plural "imperative" form given for German, to wit:
   Nehmen wir an, dass...  (Let's assume that...)
However, nothing like the flexibility of Jameld's form.]

In Jameld, to form the imperative, the <e> of the pronoun is changed to <ë>
and the amended pronoun is then suffixed to the verb stem, thus:

To eat       Mesten
You eat      Ye mest
Eat[, you]!  Mestyë!

but also:

We eat       Ven mest
Let's eat    Mestvën
They eat     Tem mest
"Let them eat cake"   »Mesttëm kohk«

Psalm 43:3
"Send out your light and your truth. May these themselves lead me."
»Zendyë ot yeü right und yeü sïdinas. Lïdhtëmt ime.«
                          lead-IMP, 3PL inanimate (pron. is temt, not tem)

It was translating this verse yesterday that made me think about this
feature, and wonder: what other langs do this?


 =========================================================================  James Campbell  Zeugma--Our Life Is Design