Re: Topics and foci/focuses... Wow, now I get it!!!
|From:||Roger Mills <romilly@...>|
|Date:||Monday, May 7, 2001, 2:30|
Nik Taylor wrote:
>BP Jonsson wrote:
>> One difference between phrasal verbs and verbs followed by a prefositionis
>> that in phrasal verbs the particle/prefosition is stressed. Are native
>> English speakers not aware of this fact? It works the same inScandinavian
>> lgs, BTW.
>Hmm ... "He switched on the light", "He fell on the floor". You're
>right! "On" does bear a secondary stress in the phrasal verb but not
>when it's a true preposition. I'd never noticed that before!
Ahem. Neither had I. But as a Certified Trained Linguist (but not an
English specialist), I suppose I would have, after some thought. I suspect
the person-in-the-street recognizes only 3 intonation patterns:
normal-falling, question-rising and emphatic-heavy stress. The more
relevant "native's" test for phrasal-particles is probably whether they (or
the "object") can be moved, and what happens when the "object" is a
turn the light on ~ turn on the light; turn it on (*turn on it)
To my view, the V-O-Particle is a transform of underlying [V+part.] O
Perhaps V-O-P is preferred in some cases to avoid ambiguity, when VPO could
also be interpreted as V + Prep.phrase, as in:
(a) He looked the table over (for defects) : He looked over the table
which could also be interpreted as (b)"he looked [over the table]" (and saw
his little brother)
Note that "he looked it over" only = (a); "he looked over it" only = (b) --
and in both cases "over" is stressed.....
To repeat: not an English specialist. Thank God things like this don't
occur in Kash.