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Re: Marking tones in conlangs

From:Herman Miller <hmiller@...>
Date:Wednesday, February 8, 2006, 4:12
Joseph B. wrote:
> I'm curious to know how others here mark tones in any tonal conlangs > they have created. > > Thanks.
If I've got a language with level tones, I'll use acute for high tone and grave for low tone (in romanization). Double acutes and double graves can be used for languages with more than 3 level tones (although I don't have any of those yet...). In the native scripts, there are distinct letters for vowel sounds with different tones (one letter for à and a different letter for á, for instance). Contour tones in romanization would be marked with a circumflex (falling) or wedge/caron (rising). If there's a difference between high rising and low rising, the high rising tone is marked with double acute and the low rising with a wedge. High falling is a circumflex and low falling is a double grave. That's the general idea, but there are complications. Yasaro has a pitch accent system, where the stressed vowel can be long or short, rising or falling. The rising accent indicates a historical stress on the final syllable, which shifted back to the next-to-last syllable (like in Serbo-Croatian). I use an acute accent for the short rising stress and a wedge for long rising; grave for short falling and circumflex for long falling.


Mark J. Reed <markjreed@...>