Debut: Tierian V - .5
|From:||Patrick Jarrett <seraph@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, December 28, 2000, 17:02|
Okay, here it is. What I have so far of my first (let me re-emphasize
that, FIRST) conlang. It is still in its infancy, but it's complete
enough to where I am focusing on the lexicon and dealing with more
minor grammar parts when they arise.
There are 27 letters in the alphabet as it is right now, with only
one letter which is modified by an outside mark. Forgive me, I haven't
learned the pronunciation setup, if someone wants to rewrite the
alphabet sounds in the format which is used on the language, it would
be appreciated greatly. The sounds are -- ah, a (long), ch, r, s,
p, j, k, eh, t, n, ee, i (as in it), z, o (long), m, g, b, d, f,
h, l, v, w, ur, sh, oo. The only letter which is modified is the
t, which when an apostraphe (sp?) is put over it becomes a "tl" sound.
And another not is the 'n' and 't'. These 2 consonants when their
sound is combined with another consonant, this is not the modified
t, their letter is omitted. If a t comes before an s, you put double
dots over the s. If after, a single dot. If the n comes before the
s, put a carat(^) over the s, if after a tilde (~) over the s.
Thats the alphabet.
There are 7 tenses for a verb,
future present = will _____ = -zeek
future past = will have _____ = -zeep
Present = ______ = -dar
Incomplete = have _______ = -dir
Past = did _____ = -jig
Subjunctive = may/might _____ = -stur
Subjunctive Pass = May have/might have ____ = -star (pronounced.
stare / stair)
I saw no need to make a new mood for Subjunctive.
Present Infinintive = to ____ = -mur
Incomplete Inf. = to have ____ = -mig
Imperative = _____! = normal form of verb
To make a verb passive you tag -dray onto the end of the verb, after
adding tense ending.
Chinga = love
Fut. Pres. = chingazeek = will love
Fut. Past. = chingazeep = will have loved
Pres. = chingadar = do love
Incomplete = chingadir = have loved
Past COmp. = chingajig = did love
Subj. = chingastur = may/might love
Subj. Pass. = chingastar (hard a in star) = may/might have loved
Pres. Inf. = chingamur = to love
Incomp. Inf. = chingmig = to have loved
Imperative = chinga = love
Progressive is also a choice in translation, there is no forced way
for it to be translated.
On to Nouns:
Nominative = Subj. = -tah
Accusative = DO and PN = -ma (long a)
Dative = IO and Prep. Phrases = -mur
Genitive = possession = -toro (hard o's)
Vocative = naming a person = -vok (hard o)
Locative = naming a place = -nok (hard o)
I am debating how to hand prepositional phrases, right now I have
them in Dative case with helper words. But that may change.
I am using the 3 number system, nullar, singular, and plural. Depending
if the last letter of the root word is vowel or consonant you use
the vowel or consonant ending for the number.
Nullar: -o / -wo
singular: -- / --
plural: -ur / -kur
Adj. must match noun they modify in case and number.
I/me - pa (pron. pay)
you* - dar (pron. dare)
he/him - sho (hard o)
she/her - noob
it - keh
we - rish
they - nek
* - it is not unusual if you are not using a singular 'you' then
put the number of you's (ie: 1,2,3) right after the you, matching
case. Or if it is a group (ie: you men, you girls, you in the back)
place immediatley following the 'you'. This may get clumsy, will
require tweaking I am sure.
Pers. Pronoun. Adj. =
my - ptoro
your = dtoro
his = shtoro
her = natoro (soft a, hard o. pro. nah-toro)
it's = ktoro
our = ritoro
their = neetoro
This - deeng
that - dong (hard o)
these - deengur
those - dongur (hard o)
myself - panor (hard a)
yourself - durnor
hisself - shonor
Questions in a sentence - Using the Latin style, there is a key word
which shows that a sentence is a question. If "sans" appears at the
beginning of a sentence, then it is a question. "sans" is always
the first word.
The people who speak the language have only 8 fingers, thus they
use a base 8 numbering system. I will spare the lengthy number list
and if requested will type it up later for you guys.
That is the end of the grammar which I have, there is much left to
do, vocab, and tweaking this system. I am having a mental battle
concerning salutations and farewells. We will see, I have many hours
on the road ahead of me.
Please share any comments / questions / suggestions / constructive
criticism. I am but an infant learning to walk, I am always looking
for a hand to hold me. I am travelling for a few more days, I may
not get back to you and your comments until new years.
Oh and if you are still reading, good job :)
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