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Re: Relative clauses

From:Ph.D. <phil@...>
Date:Monday, August 15, 2005, 21:03
Carsten Becker wrote:
> > Malagasy: (S is the subject, s is dropped) > > S V O [s V O] > \_____^ > > where the subject of both clauses is the subject of the main > clause. Does that mean if you want to refer the relative > clause to an object, you must make it a subject with the > help of voices and such (passive, applicative)?
Yes. The head of a relaive clause must always be the subject in the relative clause regardless of how it is used in the rest of the sentence. Malagasy is VOS, with three voices: active, passive, and oblique (my terms). Consider the following: My brother bought the eggs. Malagasy word order: Bought-ACT the eggs brother-my. Mother cooked the eggs. Malagasy word order: Cooked-ACT the eggs mother. The eggs were cooked by mother. Mal: Cooked-PASS-by-mother the eggs. The agent of passive or oblique verbs is indicated by a possessive construction. My brother bought the eggs which mother cooked. Mal: Bought-ACT the eggs cooked-PASSIVE-by-mother brother-my. (or more commonly: Bought-PASS-by-brother-my the eggs cooked-PASSIVE-by-mother.) Mother cooked the eggs in the skillet. Mal: Cooked-ACT the eggs in the skillet mother. My brother bought the skillet in which mother cooked the eggs. Mal: Bought-PASS-by-brother-my the skillet cooked-OBL-by-mother the eggs. --Ph. D.