Re: Relative clauses
|Date:||Monday, August 15, 2005, 21:03|
Carsten Becker wrote:
> Malagasy: (S is the subject, s is dropped)
> S V O [s V O]
> where the subject of both clauses is the subject of the main
> clause. Does that mean if you want to refer the relative
> clause to an object, you must make it a subject with the
> help of voices and such (passive, applicative)?
Yes. The head of a relaive clause must always be the subject
in the relative clause regardless of how it is used in the rest of
Malagasy is VOS, with three voices: active, passive, and
oblique (my terms). Consider the following:
My brother bought the eggs.
Malagasy word order: Bought-ACT the eggs brother-my.
Mother cooked the eggs.
Malagasy word order: Cooked-ACT the eggs mother.
The eggs were cooked by mother.
Mal: Cooked-PASS-by-mother the eggs.
The agent of passive or oblique verbs is indicated by a possessive
My brother bought the eggs which mother cooked.
Mal: Bought-ACT the eggs cooked-PASSIVE-by-mother brother-my.
(or more commonly:
Bought-PASS-by-brother-my the eggs cooked-PASSIVE-by-mother.)
Mother cooked the eggs in the skillet.
Mal: Cooked-ACT the eggs in the skillet mother.
My brother bought the skillet in which mother cooked the eggs.
Mal: Bought-PASS-by-brother-my the skillet cooked-OBL-by-mother the eggs.