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Re: Relative clauses

From:Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>
Date:Sunday, August 14, 2005, 2:29

Patrick Littell <puchitao@...> writes:
>... > Here are some examples of internally-headed relative clauses, if anyone > still wants some. ...
Yes, they are really interesting!
> The following is from Bambara, a Mande language of West > Africa, adapted from Comrie (1989). > > N ye so ye. > I PAST house see. > > Tye be [ n ye so min ye ] dyo. > man PRES I PAST house MARK see build.
Wow, so the reference marker of Tyl-Sjok is an anadewism! :-) Could've guessed so...
> Marking the internal head is useful for reducing ambiguity. Consider this > example from Imbabura Quechua: > > [ Kan kwitsa-man kwintu-ta villashka ]-ka sumaj-mi. > you girl to story ACC telling -TOP pretty-VALIDATOR.
Looks just like the Japanese/Korean style.
>... > [Tenay ?wa :?wa :w] -pu -Ly ?ciyawx. > "I will sing in the house I saw yesterday."
>... > 1) Do the inverse of Malagasy: require that only the subject can be > expressed by an IHRC and use the inventory of voices to realize the argument > as subject. I like this one, although it forbids two IHRCs in a sentence. > But plenty of languages have similar restrictions, like forbidding the > question "Who killed whom?"
Why would this forbid two relative clauses in a sentence? Actually, S11 (Tesäfköm) will work like this: the topic (=fronted noun) in the relative clause is the reference.
> 2) Require "equi-type" relative clauses, in which the head plays the same > role (semantic or grammatical) in both the main clause and the relative > clause.
That's also fun.
> 3) Do nothing. Examples in which real ambiguity occurs are pretty rare, > except when taken out of context and used as examples of ambiguity.
That's an option in Tyl Sjok. Does Bambara allow dropping the 'min' marker? **Henrik


Patrick Littell <puchitao@...>