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Austronesian sound changes (was: Austronesian lexical categories & voice)

From:Ray Brown <ray.brown@...>
Date:Monday, May 16, 2005, 17:39
On Sunday, May 15, 2005, at 11:45 , Roger Mills wrote:

> Ray Brown wrote:
>> ber - and mag- are cognate? The /b/ ~ /m/ alternation is OK - but the >> /r/ ~ /g/ one is a bit odd. What is their derivation? >> > Actually it's the Ml/Indo. /b/ that's odd, but it's standard literary from > way back.
What I meant is that I have come across this alternation elsewhere, so it did not seem odd to me. for example Welsh _bore_ (morning) was apparently _more_ at an earlier date, being derived from a root which also crops up in english 'morrow', 'morn', German 'Morgen' etc.
> Some peninsular Ml. dialects do have mer- (the "e" is schwa, > remember),
I did remember :)
> Old Ml. (ca. 10th C) and other relatives have mar-.
> The R/G correspondence is very well established (sometimes called the RGH > Law**) and was formalized almost immediately once real comparative work > began in the 19th C: Ml. r, Tag. g, some langs. h, Jav. (and Polynesian) > 0, > and it's currently symbolized as *R-- Dempwolff used "gamma", implying > that > it was probably a velar fricative of some sort, and a resonant, not a stop > (since it never occurs with prenasalization).
yes, we are familiar enough with [r] -> [R], and [g] -> [G], so I suppose it's only reasonable to expect to find examples of the sound change happening in reverse.
> Other reflexes include y (and >> z), l (< r). > > So the prefix is now reconstructed as *maR- (some have suggested *ma-R-, > in > a system *ma- 'stative', *ma+N- 'active', *ma+R-(uncertain mng., perhaps > 'habitual/frequentative'??) all verbal, along with *pa- 'causative', *pa+ > N- > 'agent noun', *pa+R- (various functions, both nominal and verbal).
Interesting - all looks plausible.
> Another correspondence noted early on was the so-called RLD** Law-- Jav. > r, > Tag. l, Ml. d --though it's much more complicated than that, and some even
[etc snipped] Fascinating stuff. Where I can get more info Ray =============================================== =============================================== "A mind which thinks at its own expense will always interfere with language." J.G. Hamann, 1760


Roger Mills <rfmilly@...>