Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

NATLANG: Humagrian glossary

From:Racsko Tamas <tracsko@...>
Date:Tuesday, April 27, 2004, 12:38
On Tue, 27 Apr 2004 14:10:55 "Trebor Jung" <treborjung@...> wrote:
> Jó napot kívánok!
Bon jour, Monsieur. (If I may reply in the same style :))
> Köszönöm szépen!
Je vous en prie! (I hope this is the correct answer in French.)
> This is a good ready-made list of > concepts which you might be interested in: >
> You can go to the "Edit this page" page ( >
I will see them in a few days.
> I saw a root somewhere which differed from en-.
The "enni" 'to eat' belongs to a special [small and improductive] verbal group called "sz-stem" verbs. Etymologically these roots had the pattern of V or CV. But these patterns were ruled out by the phonotactics. Therefore the root was extended by various elements. In present tense, it was the "sz" consonant, thus the lexematic form is: "eszik" 'he/she eats' (in addition, it's an "ik"-type verb). Note that this "sz" is supposed to be a cognate of the IE sigmatic aoristos marker, and the finnougrists think that it was an imperfective suffix in Proto-Finno-Ugric (PFU). [The reconstructed PFU has no tenses at all.] This PFU suffix became a limited present tense marker in Hungarian in the above verb group, and on the contrary, became an imperfect (or past tense) marker in various other Finno-Ugric languages.


Frank George Valoczy <valoczy@...>