NATLANG: Humagrian glossary
|From:||Racsko Tamas <tracsko@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, April 27, 2004, 12:38|
On Tue, 27 Apr 2004 14:10:55 "Trebor Jung" <treborjung@...> wrote:
> Jó napot kívánok!
Bon jour, Monsieur. (If I may reply in the same style :))
> Köszönöm szépen!
Je vous en prie! (I hope this is the correct answer in French.)
I will see them in a few days.
> I saw a root somewhere which differed from en-.
The "enni" 'to eat' belongs to a special [small and improductive]
verbal group called "sz-stem" verbs. Etymologically these roots had
the pattern of V or CV. But these patterns were ruled out by the
phonotactics. Therefore the root was extended by various elements.
In present tense, it was the "sz" consonant, thus the lexematic
form is: "eszik" 'he/she eats' (in addition, it's an "ik"-type
Note that this "sz" is supposed to be a cognate of the IE
sigmatic aoristos marker, and the finnougrists think that it was an
imperfective suffix in Proto-Finno-Ugric (PFU). [The reconstructed
PFU has no tenses at all.] This PFU suffix became a limited present
tense marker in Hungarian in the above verb group, and on the
contrary, became an imperfect (or past tense) marker in various
other Finno-Ugric languages.