Shoshoni syllables [was: Re: Vowel Harmony Q]
|From:||Dirk Elzinga <dirk_elzinga@...>|
|Date:||Friday, January 23, 2004, 17:12|
On Thursday, January 22, 2004, at 11:52 AM, jcowan@REUTERSHEALTH.COM
> Dirk Elzinga scripsit:
>> Goshute Shoshoni /hu:kkat1n/ which is pronunced variously as
>> ['u:kka41_0] ~ [U:kka41_0] ~ ['o:kka41_0].
> Aaakkk, an overlong stressed syllable!
("aaakkk" -- nice)
I suppose you can look at it that way, but it seems that geminates (and
homorganic nasal-stop clusters) do not contribute to the *weight* of
the syllable, whatever the length properties might be. Shoshoni stress
is sensitive to heavy syllables, but the first half of a geminate or
the nasal of a nasal-stop cluster don't make the syllable heavy. Here
are some examples of closed syllables which don't attract stress,
followed by some examples of syllables with long vowels which do
['hiBikk_wa] 'drank' (closed syllable [Bik])
['toim"piD1] 'finally came out' (closed syllable [im])
['jaGet"t1Gi"xand1] 'crying constantly' (closed syllables [Get], [xan])
[kot'to:x_wa] 'made a fire'
These last two are interesting since the usual initial syllable stress
is overridden by the long vowel of the second syllable. It's all the
more significant for 'make a fire' since the first, passed-over
syllable is closed by the first half of a geminate, which in many
languages would make it a heavy syllable.
"Speech is human, silence is divine, yet also brutish and dead;
must learn both arts." - Thomas