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Shoshoni syllables [was: Re: Vowel Harmony Q]

From:Dirk Elzinga <dirk_elzinga@...>
Date:Friday, January 23, 2004, 17:12
On Thursday, January 22, 2004, at 11:52  AM, jcowan@REUTERSHEALTH.COM

> Dirk Elzinga scripsit: > >> Goshute Shoshoni /hu:kkat1n/ which is pronunced variously as >> ['u:kka41_0] ~ [U:kka41_0] ~ ['o:kka41_0]. > > Aaakkk, an overlong stressed syllable!
("aaakkk" -- nice) I suppose you can look at it that way, but it seems that geminates (and homorganic nasal-stop clusters) do not contribute to the *weight* of the syllable, whatever the length properties might be. Shoshoni stress is sensitive to heavy syllables, but the first half of a geminate or the nasal of a nasal-stop cluster don't make the syllable heavy. Here are some examples of closed syllables which don't attract stress, followed by some examples of syllables with long vowels which do attract stress: ['hiBikk_wa] 'drank' (closed syllable [Bik]) ['toim"piD1] 'finally came out' (closed syllable [im]) ['jaGet"t1Gi"xand1] 'crying constantly' (closed syllables [Get], [xan]) [nu'4a:nu_0] 'ran' [kot'to:x_wa] 'made a fire' These last two are interesting since the usual initial syllable stress is overridden by the long vowel of the second syllable. It's all the more significant for 'make a fire' since the first, passed-over syllable is closed by the first half of a geminate, which in many languages would make it a heavy syllable. Dirk -- Dirk Elzinga "Speech is human, silence is divine, yet also brutish and dead; therefore we must learn both arts." - Thomas Carlyle