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THEORY: (terminology correction) RE: pro-anything

From:Ed Heil <edheil@...>
Date:Wednesday, April 21, 1999, 20:41
>=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D Original Message From =3D=3D=3D=3D=3D >Dans un courrier dat=E9 du 21/04/99 02:16:35 , Pablo a =E9crit : > ><< "Angry and frustrated, he walked" which would be more > like short for "Feeling angry..." (i. e. adverbial, not > adjectival). >> > >I would rather call it a passive gerund.
Surely you mean "active participle."
> This shows another possible kind of >deictic : the reference to each PoS. "pro-anything" refer to different kinds >of references : space (here, there), time (Dutch : dan, toen), speaker (me, >you), so why not PoS (verb, subject-topic, object) ? > >"I walk (and I am) angry" : angry refers to subject "I" >"I walk slowly" : slowly refers to verb "walk" >"I walk angrily" : angrily refers to subject "I" via verb "to walk" > >In French you even may have a gerund referring to the object : >"il le quitta, anxieux" : "he left him (as the latter was) nervous".
Surely not "gerund" but "adjective." "Gerunds" were originally a particular kind of Latin verbal noun ("gerundum" would be a classic example), and the name was adopted in English as a label for verbal nouns in -ing, as in "Thinking before you speak is a good idea." They are mostly synonymous with infinitives, as in "to think before you speak is a good idea" -- though here for some reason we prefer to say, "it is a good idea to think before you speak." Verbal *adjectives* are not gerunds but participles, as in "The thinking person's guide to conlanging." Ed -- **************************************************** Ed Heil ..................... **************************************************** "Koy tse tl'an tse tum gen nekom payaw; ts'enra me hlay man yatam." "The noble nation of Atlantis is greatest among men; And its reign shall extend unto eternity." (from a Linear P inscription.) ****************************************************