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Re: Semantic typology?

From:John Vertical <johnvertical@...>
Date:Monday, August 11, 2008, 14:46
On Mon, 11 Aug 2008 09:44:32 -0400, Jim Henry wrote:
>> Compass directions, maybe? I would assume any language distinguishing >> roots for any of the intercardinals should also distinguish some for the >> cardinals. > >That's a sensible hypothesis. Do you know of any languages that >have roots for the intercardinals rather than deriving them from >cardinals?
Finnish; clockwise from North, _pohjoinen koillinen itä kaakko etelä lounas länsi luode_. The only completely opaque ones are SE, SW and W, but eg. _itä_ being a zero-derivation of the verbal root "to germinate" isn't exactly transparent, either. :) IIUC this system was standardized together from quite a few dialects, none of which consistently differentiated all eight terms. John Vertical