Numerals in Calistan
|From:||Danny Wier <dawier@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, January 23, 2001, 9:16|
Well I got something worthy of presentation, finally:
Calistan, spoken on a fictitious island in the Mediterranean near Greece
named Calisto, is, basically an Indo-European language with an Arabic
phonology. It is a satem language, where PIE velars/palatals are realized as
interdental fricatives and labialized velars are simple velars. Voiced
aspirates (bh dh gh gwh) lose aspiration and voiceless (p t k kw) remain the
same, but voiced plain stops (d g gw) become voiced pharyngealized or
"emphatic" consonants, thus the Arabic influence. These are indicated by
_underlined_ letters in writing in the cases of d and edh (ð, I use dh
here). The vowel system is simplified; e/a/o in PIE are merged to a (as in
Indo-Iranian), while diphthongs of Vi and Vu become e and o. Laryngeals are
preserved as h (glottal or velar fricative) and x (palatalalveolar
fricative, the "sh" sound).
The written languages uses the borrowed Icelandic-Old English letters thorn
(þ), edh (ð) and emphatic edh (ð_). But since Mac users won't be able to see
these in posts to this list, I'll just convert them to th, dh and d_h.
I just converted Christopher Gwinn's online PIE database
http://members.nbci.com/piestudies/ by using character replacements, and so
far I have a list of numbers. Note that it is a vigintesimal system along
the lines of most Celtic languages.
henas (hen-) one
d_vah (dva-) two
trees (tre-) three
d_vah d_vithant forty
d_vah thamtam two hundred
mirjad ten thousand
biljon billion (thousand million)
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