Gweinic Description: Phonology and Roots (Corrections)
|From:||Anthony M. Miles <theophilus88@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, June 3, 2000, 14:09|
There are a few corrections and additions that I need to make.
I will also provide examples.
1) [d^] should be [dj], [d<w>] [dw] in Gweinic. The orthography
is the same, and grammarians do not emerge until EL speakers do.
For consistnecy's sake, the exampleS shall be in EL, not GW.
2) The marine pidgin>creole should be Nadanic [ND], not Todanic
The meaning of ND [to.dan-] is 'foreign(er)' < CM [to:.dan.or.Se]
'foreigner, Labic-speaker'< CL [t^o:.g<w>ajn.drak<h>] 'the one from beyond
the water'<[t^o:] 'beyond', preposition governing dative case
+ [g<w>ajn.drak<h>] 'waterman'. The equivalent in EM would be
*[tSY:.zvajn.orSe]. The meaning of [nadan-] is 'sail(or)' < CM
[na.dan.orSe] 'sailor'< CL [na.g<w>ajn.drak<h>] 'sailor, through-water
-man' < [na], 'through', preposition governing the accusative case, +
[g<w>ajn.drak<h>]. The equivalent in EM would be *[n&.zvajn.orSe].
That, my dear Nicole, is why language groups are fun.
3) The syllabic consonants (sonorants?) are slightly different in EL.
>Thus, the complete phonemic list in GW/EL is p [p], ph [p<h>],
>py [p^], b [b], bh [b<h>], by [b^], bw [b<w>], t [t], th [t<h>],
>ty [t^], d [d], dh [d<h>], dy [d^], dw [d<w>], k [k], kh [k<h>],
>ky [k^], kw [k<w>], g [g], gh [g<h>], gy [g^], gw [g<w>], m [m], n [n, r
>[r, y [j], w [w], h [h], a [a], e [e], i [i], o [o], u [u], >r, [r<syl>],
>l [l<syl>], m [m<syl>], and n [n[<syl>].
>Simple roots always follow one of following forms: C(G)VC(G)VC,
>C(G)VGNCVC, C(G)VC(G)V(G), CV(G)C, CVCS, where C=consonant, G=glide ([j] or
>[w]), N=nasal, V=vowels, and S=syllabic.hiyik- go
laghyal [laghya:l]- love
dwagyid- make, craft
dhainakh [d<h>aj.na:k<h>]- be big
delow- be beautiful
bhekwe- be small
dhab- be earth, soil
gwain- be water
rotr- [ro:t.r]- be king
>CV(G)C is far behind, but >currently slightly more common than
> >C(G)VC(G)V(G), which is prominent only because of the meanings of its >
>roots (be, have, place, be beautiful).mena-, kine-, bhelaw-, and delow-, respectively.
>CVCS is extremely rare, but again gains prominence >through the >meaning of
>its roots (soul, king, Create)As a simple root, that is.
tann-, rotr-, labhn- respectively.
labhn- 'Create' is properly only used if one is making something out
of nothing. Hence colloquial derogatory term for 'to lie' (now that's
>C(G)VGNCVC is an alternative form of certain C(G)VC(G)VC roots, with
> >-VjnV- corresponding to -Vd^V- and -VwnV- to -Vd<w>V-. It should
>be noted, however, that the EL form [b<h>ajnet<h>], 'sheep' is onomatopoeia
>and the alternative form [b<h>ad^et<h>] is analogical.dhainakh, dhadyakh [d<h>ajna:k<h>, d<h>a:d^a:k<h>]- be large
kyeumor, kyebwor [k^ewmo:r, k^e:b<w>o:r] - discover, find
Note that the first vowel of the second form is long, one of the signs that
[b<h>ad^et<h>] is analogical (besides the fact that sheep
don't live on glaciers).
>The first cluster of a root may be an 'orphan', an 'adult', or a 'family'.
>An exception to this is a root CV(G)C, which may not have
>a 'family' in this position.[g^] and [g<h>j] never occur in the first cluster of a simple
>root CVCS, the second cluster may be a plain or aspirated stopOr a nasal.
>The last cluster may be an 'orphan' or an 'adult'. If it is an >'adult', it
>must be an aspirate. Glides are rare in this position and sound 'childish'.Perhaps 'childish' is the wrong word. An adult Dhabra would not be
embarrassed by using the root delow- (the name of the first female
Dhabra was Deloudethakar [de.low.de.t<h>a:k.ar], the feminine form of
Deloudethakra 'beautiful companion'), but it is a word that would be typical
of a child's limited vocabulary.
>There is no sonority rule in GW other than a distaste for two [z]'s
>in a row, the prohibition of a triconsonantal root with the same voicing of
>homorganic stops, and the prohibition of homorganic stops > in CV(G)C rootsTherefore gwein- 'be ice' is acceptable, but *gweig would not be
>The second syllable of a CVCS route is the syllabic, which counts as >a
>cluster for syllabification, but as a vowel for stress placement. >Thus:
>CVC.S closed-?openI am not sure whether a syllable containing a syllabic consonant is
open or closed. Normally, I would say that a closed syllable ends in
a consonant, and therefore the syllable S must be closed, but a normal
closed syllable contains at least a vowel as well. Any thoughts?
>Related words (most notoriously the hiyik-family) may have identical
>or similar clusters.[hVjVk]
pholen-orate > boast
phulen-command > command (troops)
legyel- be devoted to
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