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Re: Proto-Semitic (was Re: markjjones@HOTMAIL.COM)

From:Steven Williams <feurieaux@...>
Date:Tuesday, March 8, 2005, 20:05
--- Rob Haden <magwich78@...> wrote:
> Here is my hypothesis about the Proto-Semitic stops. > It seems that there was a three-way opposition > between voiceless, voiced, and glottalized stops. > However, there was probably not a glottalized > bilabial stop, as that phoneme is extremely marked > and thus very rare in language. So, we get the > following: > > Glottalized: *(p') *t' *k' > Voiceless: *p *t *k > Voiced: *b *d *g > > Later on, it seems as though *k' became *q. In > Arabic, *p > f and *g > j, probably via phonetic (> > phonemic) aspiration and then lenition. There was > also aspiration and lenition in Hebrew and Aramaic. > > I think it's also possible that Proto-Semitic, or > its ancestor at some point, had an earlier uvular > stop series, with at least *q and *q' (the voiced > uvular stop is extremely marked). These may have > become the phonemic glottal stop and/or (one of?)
> pharyngeal fricatives.
Makes sense. It might explain where Arabic got the voiced pharyngeal fricative, which, IIRC, is very rare indeed. ___________________________________________________________ Gesendet von Yahoo! Mail - Jetzt mit 250MB Speicher kostenlos - Hier anmelden: