Re: Laryngeals in Amhanara.
|From:||Benct Philip Jonsson <bpj@...>|
|Date:||Friday, March 28, 2008, 9:40|
Eric Christopherson skrev:
> On Mar 27, 2008, at 2:21 PM, Benct Philip Jonsson wrote:
>> The books I had referenced seem to have vanished from my
>> library's catalog, but according to several online
>> sources final /?/ induced rising tone and final /h/ <
>> */s/ induced falling tone in Old > Middle Chinese.
>> In Tibetan initial /?/ and vocieless stops induced high
>> tone and initial /h\/ and voiced stops induced low
>> tone. Final
>> d/t and s induced falling tone.
> That's good to know; I have a conlang where high tone
> develops after voiceless sounds, and low tone after voiced
> ones, but I wasn't sure that actually happened in any
> I actually want the tone to develop into pitch accent, but
> I'm not quite sure how to go about that.
There is more: single voiced stops became voiceless
aspirated while voiced stops preceded by /s/ or a stop bcame
or remained unaspirated. Voiced stops preceded by a nasal or
/h\/ remained voiced and have a phonologically irrelevant
'extra low' tone. In original voiceless stops an /s/ or stop
prefix inhibited aspiration while /h\/ or nasal didn't.
'Prefixed' sonorants became high, and unprefixed ones low.
In each case the 'prefix' disappeared, except that voiced
stops, even those fron /h\/+ are prenasalized when
postvocalic. For some reason /zl/ and /ld/ also became
/nd)/, and /db/ became /w<H>/.
So you get four tone patterns:
* high level
* high falling
* low level
* low falling
Falling tone can only be realized on final syllables or
monosyllables. Bisyllables will have hi/lo on the first
syllable and falling/level on the second, with the height of
the second syllable irrelevant. Thus it can be argued that
Tibetan has word accent rather than syllabic tone.
Benct Philip Jonsson -- melroch atte melroch dotte se
"C'est en vain que nos Josués littéraires crient
à la langue de s'arrêter; les langues ni le soleil
ne s'arrêtent plus. Le jour où elles se *fixent*,
c'est qu'elles meurent." (Victor Hugo)