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Re: Language Sketch: Gogido

From:Philip Newton <philip.newton@...>
Date:Wednesday, August 27, 2008, 17:05
On Tue, Aug 26, 2008 at 01:20, Andreas Johansson <andjo@...> wrote:
> Quoting "Mark J. Reed" <markjreed@...>: > >> On Mon, Aug 25, 2008 at 6:03 PM, Logan Kearsley <chronosurfer@...> >> wrote: >> > It implies that my default pronunciation in most cases is voiced, >> > although there's free variation between the voiced and unvoiced >> > allophones. >> >> In the case of Okaikiar, I'm not consistent. It has [t] and [d] in >> allophonic variation, likewise [s] and [z], but there's no [g], only >> [k]. I suspect this is massively unrealistic. > > There are languages, most famously perhaps varieties of Arabic, that have /t d > k/ but no /g/ or [g]*. Given this, having a voiced allophone of /t/ but not of > /k/ doesn't seem surprising in a language that doesn't distinguish phonemic > voice. > > * Having /t d g/ but no /k/ is apparently less common - the explanation is > supposed to be that modal voicing is relatively hard to sustain for back stops > (pressure builds up faster due to less space between the glottis and the closure > of the vocal track) so that if there's only back stop it tends to "default" to > voicelessness.
And at the other end of the buccal tract, apparently if there is only one bilabial stop, it tends to be a voiced one (Arabic is another example here, with /b/ but no /p/). Cheers, -- Philip Newton <philip.newton@...>