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Morphophonemics (was Re: Discovery!)

From:Nik Taylor <fortytwo@...>
Date:Sunday, September 24, 2000, 5:36
> Thus, creating an undeniable phonemic split between the [sj] and [S] > series.
Written, in my Romanization, as s'y and sy. Native syllabry does not distinguish.
> The following restrictions apply:
In addition, /s z t k/ cannot be followed by /i/
> C cannot be geminate except before /i/
Neither can /tS/ Clearly, /S Z C tS dZ/ have unusual restrictions, from a synchronic perspective.
> Stem-final -ái + -u becomes -ái (that is, the <u> is lost), thus, > lifáiki = lifái-u-ki > Stem-final -ai + -u becomes -yu, thus, kútyuki = kútai-u-ki > This is also what happens with -i + -u, e.g., vúzlyuki = vúzli-u-ki
Meanings of those, incidentally, are "I am being begun" [it should've been in the antipassive], "I am respecting", and "I am sinning" Other alternations: 1. Stem-final stops are kept before -u and geminating suffixes (1D, 3SI, 3DI), before the geminating suffixes, it is not geminated, -l- is used in the suffix, before other suffixes, becomes corresponding fricative (k, g dropped with lengthening) - in other words, sukunípuki, sukuníplufki, sukníftaiki (I am breaking, we two are breaking, we few are breaking); note: the geminating suffixes are those that normally have the form -*uf, -*a, -*i after consonant stems, e.g., suklússufki (we two are stabbing), stem klús 2. -áu + -u -> -áu 3. -au + -u -> -au 4. -u + -u -> -u (but -ú -u -> -úu) 5. -i + -u -> -yu (but -í -u -> -íu 6. Long vowel + -u -> short vowel (e.g., -áa -u -> áu 7. Not all consonant-stems are geminated with geminating suffixes, e.g., yánisuki, yánislufki (I am important, we two are important; but uyánuki, uyánnufki (I am judging, we two are judging) 8. Verbs that have stem-final CC add -a before all endings except -u, e.g., vástuki, vástalufki (I am lying, we two are lying) 9. One or two verbs with slightly irregular stems, e.g., yánsuki, yánlufki (I am, we two are), i.e., an -s which only shows up in the 1st person singular. In addition, there are assimilatory processes: /s/ + /tS/ -> /SS/ e.g., us-tyái-u-ki -> ussyáiki (Then I would believe) /s/ + /C/ -> /SS/ e.g., gwatyá-tas-ki -> gwatyátassi (He/she is falling) /s/ + /dZ/ -> /ZZ/ e.g., us-já-u-ki -> uzzyáuki (Then I would be unaffected) /s/ + /z/ -> /zz/ e.g., us-zuvína-l-ki -> uzzuvínalki (Then it would end) /s/ + /Z/ -> /ZZ/ e.g., us-zibú-u-ki -> uzzibúuki (Then I would understand) /f/ + /v/ -> /vv/ e.g., waf-viklú-i -> wavviklúi (altars) /p b m f v/ + /w/ -> /p b m f v/ e.g., p-wailyása -> pailyása (truthful, G7) /t d n/ + /w/ -> /p b m/ e.g., ti*-fúnu-i -> tiffúnwi -> tiffúmi (those, G1) /s z k t d/ + /j/ -> /S Z C tS dZ/ e.g., us-yakú-u-ki -> usyakúuki No known exceptions, altho /sj/ /zj/ /kj/ /tj/ and /dj/ are legal clusters. /s z k t d/ + /i/ -> /Si Zi Ci tSi dZi/ e.g., tl-ías-i -> tlíasi (/tliaSi/, ugly, G2pl) Note: tl- is an alternate to ti*- used before vowels /z/ + /tS/ -> /ZS/ e.g., lakáaz-ti-ki -> lakáazsiki (they two are deceiving) /z/ + /C/ -> /ZS/ e.g., ? /z/ + /dZ/ -> /ZZ/ e.g., ?
> So, the citation form has changed. Before it was 1st person singular, > non-punctual present. Now, it's that, but also 2nd person singular, > non-punctual present, when there is ambiguity in what the stem is.
It's first person singular non-punctual present, sometimes antipassive voice. If need be, 1st person dual of the same tense/aspect is also used, e.g., vazyáuki [stem, vazyá-]; sláuki, sláulufki [stem láu-]; yánsuki, yánlufki [stem yán-; non-geminating] (those verbs mean "I am acting out of rage", "I/we two are eating", "I/we two are [a/some]" (yánsuki is used for "to be", token usage, i.e., not A = B, but A is a member of set B, and so, indefinite articles are common in the translation, e.g., Yántassi nús Ján nís Kyúman; John is a human, lit. John is a [member of the] Human race/people) -- Dievas dave dantis; Dievas duos duonos God gave teeth; God will give bread - Lithuanian proverb ICQ: 18656696 AIM Screen-Name: NikTailor