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Re: Grammatical tones

From:Philip Newton <philip.newton@...>
Date:Saturday, August 24, 2002, 7:50
On 23 Aug 02, at 16:10, Karapcik, Mike wrote:

> From what I remember of Demotic (common) Greek, the subjunctive is > formed by changing a vowel in the indicative inflectional ending, and moving > the stress accent one vowel towards the front of the word. The stress is > usually on the second to the last vowel, but is on the third to the last > vowel for subjunctive verbs. However, there is also a change in the > inflection.
Sounds like imperfect vs present to me -- e.g. dhiavázo "I read [present]", dhiávaza "I read, I was reading [imperfect]". If there is not third vowel from the end, Greek adds a stressed é-, as in péfto "I fall" vs épefta "I fell, I was fallng". The aorist subjunctive would be "dhiaváso", "péso", respectively; the present subjunctive "dhiavázo", "péfto" (that is, indistinguishable in the from the indicative). In general, the present subjunctive looks exactly like the present indicative in Demotic Greek; Katharevousa (a form which tries to be closer to Attic Greek) indicates a spelling difference in, but the pronunciation is still (usually) the same. Cheers, Philip -- Philip Newton <Philip.Newton@...>