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Hildegard's List

From:Irina Rempt <ira@...>
Date:Thursday, March 25, 1999, 21:43
Whew! I've gone and done it. It turned out to be easier than I
thought; had to limit myself to twenty in some categories. I almost
added "food" as a subheading under 9, but I intend to write something
about words for food soon (and more recipes...).

Nice exercise; it sharpens the awareness.

    1.  God, gods, angels, saints, and demons.

Names of gods: Dochan "the One", with his title _navest_ "without
beginning", Donane "the Mother", Anshen, Archan (aka Nafur "the
Nameless"), Naigha, Mizran, Timoine. Also: _tain_, _tayin_ "god(ly)".
I'd include words for priests and prayers here if it were not for
category 5 (I can imagine that Hildegard was biased, nuns are
entitled to be ...) Only made it to ten. No angels, saints and demons
(that we know of) in the world. There's no separate word (that I know
of (yet)) for people favoured by the gods; when anything is used it's
_rhesin_ "confidant, trusted person".

    2.  Human family relationships.

_Nane_ "mother", _inane_ "parents" (dual of the preceding), _tate_
"father", _nute_ "child", _nuti_ "offspring", _inute_ "twins",
_parne_ "sibling", _lone_ "spouse", _ilone_ "married couple".
Straight-line relationships over more than one generation are
counted: _tate solea_ "twice father -> grandfather", _tate sobesh_
"great-grandfather", _nane solea_ "grandmother", _nane sobesh_
"great-grandmother", _nute solea_ "grandchild", _nute sobesh_
"great-grandchild". Also: _inani somoch_ "parents four-times" ->
"ancestors" and _nuti somoch_ "descendants". That's seventeen.
I'm still working on aunts, uncles, cousins and nieces/nephews.

    3.  The parts of the body.

_Bar_ "foot" and its more usual dual _ibar_ "both feet", _basten_
"heart",  _gorsin_ "bones, skeleton", _grin_ "blood", _gyr_ "tail"
(or does that go in the Natural World, or in Farming?), _had_ "hair",
_hal_ "voice" (is that a part of the body? I think it goes in here),
_haysen_ "body (of a living person)", _idach_ "guts" (dual of_dach_
"stomach"), _inestyn_ "(both) eyes", _nove_ "woman's breast",
_inove_ "bosom" (there's also the poetic _isam_, meaning "two
fruits"), _nus_ "back" (an animal's back is _pol_ "top"), _nuta_ "to
bear a child", _rain_ "hand" (and _irain_ "hands"), _rusen_ "dead
body", _rych_ "breath", _rhuy_ "neck", _tum_ "ear".

Also: _dush_ "urine", _garin_ "sperm" (a slang word; usually means
"seed", applied to plants), _lauyin_ "woman's courses", literally
"things of the moon".

    4.  Diseases of the body.

The only specific disease I can come up with, apart from plain
_namudh_ "ill", _namudha_ "to worsen", _lea namudhat_ "to fall ill"
is _dostei piryn_ "dog's bite": "rabies". Health yields more than
sickness: _mudh_ "healthy", _mudha_ "to heal", "to get better",
_mudhan_ "doctor", _muzhen_ "medicine", _nutan_ "midwife". Also
_nachal_ "blind", _nahad_ "bald", _ochin_ "broken" (of bones, for
instance), _naryst_ "weak", _runie_ "dead". And don't forget
_pistyn_ "louse". I make it about fifteen.

    5.  Names relating to Church or Religion

I'm including "things of the mind" here, because they belong to at
least one of the gods, though it's science rather than religion.

_Anea_ "mental energy", _anie_ "spirit, ethereal body", _fora_ "to
worship", _foran_ "priest(ess)", _foryas_ "temple, holy place",
_foryin_ "religious service", _foryna_ "hold a religious service",
_fursin_ "rite of naming a newborn child", _hest_ "invocation",
_hesta_ "to invoke, to pray", _hesten_ "the words of a prayer",
_hestyn_ "the act of praying", _hestyna_ "to say a quick prayer",
also "to swear" (as in saying "Great Anshen!"), _raina_ "to lay on
hands", _semte_ "psychically gifted person", _semsin_ "psychic
gifts", _taforan_ "novice", _voryin_ "funeral", _vurea_ "divine
inspiration", _vurie_ "soul".

    6.  Names relating to Secular Hierarchies, the parts of Government

_Airenan_ "ruler", _dolan_ "mayor", _duyen_ "noble", "lord/lady",
_duyin_ "the nobility", _helsin_ "heraldic device, emblem", _lud_
"province, administrative region", _ludan_ "baron", _ludin_ "the
landed gentry", _radan_ "liege man, someone sworn to service",
_talan_ "village elder", _tavalan_ "earl, viceroy" (literally "little
king"), _tavalyas_ "principality", _Tisan lea Airen_ "the Mighty
Servant" (head of the Temple of Mizran, more of a secular than a
religious position), _val_ "kingship, royalty", _valan_ "king,
queen", _valin_ "royal house", _vallone_ "royal consort", _valnute_
"prince(ss)", _valsen_ "crown", _valyas_ "kingdom".

    7.  The parts of trade and human craft.

Professions (not counting the priest, the doctor, the king, the
baron, the midwife and the mayor, who are in other sections): _alban_
"alchemist", _barsinan_ "cobbler", _bochan_ "person of independent
means", _brudan_ "brewer", _brusan_ "apothecary", _brythan_
"milkmaid", _colan_ "gatekeeper", _chalan_ "scout", _doran_ "farmer",
_estinan_ "fisherman", _farne_ "teacher", _fealan_ "tailor", _galan_
"clerk", _gylan_ "writer, poet", _halan_ "singer", _irelsinan_
"driver, carter", _lazian_ "astronomer, astrologer", _listan_
"washerwoman", _luchan_ "reader" (who reads letters to illiterate
people; usually also _galan_), _mustynan_ "fighter, soldier",
_nabochan_ "beggar", _nafalan_ "watchman", _orne_ "apprentice,
student", _pulan_ "farmhand", _razie_ "journeyman", _ruman_
"labourer", _rustan_ "baker", _rythan_ "foreman, boss", _rhinan_
"sailor", _sainan_ "tramp", _shalan_ "guard", _soran_ "hunter",
_suman_ "vintner", _tarie_ "guildmaster", _tisan_ "servant", _trisan_
"thief", _tylan_ "blacksmith", _tylbaran_ "farrier", _tylsinan_
"armourer", _vustan_ "carpenter". More than enough, but I couldn't
decide which to leave out. I'll spare you the names of tools, coins,
etcetera :-)

    8.  Days, months, seasons of the year, hours, minutes.

_Adin_ "period of time", _tayadin_ "little while, moment", _ferhin_
"winter", _hanre_ "day" (also "south"), _havin_ "night" (also
"north"), _lau_ "moon, month", _parisen_ "feast day", _pul_
"harvest-time", _relyin_ "year", _telhin_ "evening" (also "west"),
_telhyn_ "dusk", _verin_ "morning" (also "east") _veryn_ "dawn".
Perhaps also _lesna_ "childhood", _hanea_ "youth", _salna_ "prime of
life", _runea_ "old age". And, of course, the days of the week,
called after the gods: _hanre Dochein_ "day of the One", _hanre
Nanei_ (or _Donanei_) "day of the Mother", _hanre Anshein_ "day of
Anshen", _hanre Naighei_ "day of Naigha", _hanre Mizrein_ "day of
Mizran", _hanre Timoinei_ "day of Timoine", and _hanre nafur_ "day
without a name".

    9.  The Quotidian things of life: clothing, houses, farming.

Clothing: _barsen_ "shoe", usually in the dual _ibarsen_, _best_
"stocking" with the dual _ibest_ "hose, trousers", _chonas_ "shirt",
_feal_ "robe", _feala_ "to clothe", _fealas_ "garment" with the
collective plural _fealis_ "clothes", _ichalsen_ "eyeglasses",
_lista_ "to launder", _listin_ "(clean) laundry", _nafeal_ "naked",
_nafeala_ "to undress", _nalistin_ "dirty laundry", _rhuysen_
"necklace" (also means a horse's halter), _tyras_ "jacket, smock".

Houses: _astin_ "home, house" (not the building), _astina_ "to live,
to inhabit", _dol_ "walled city", _doryas_ "country" (as opposed to
the city), _ilsin_ "town centre", _nayastina_ "to wander, to be
homeless", _vestyas_ "native country, place of origin", _vor_
"grave", _vust_ "hut, shed".

Farming: _ashen_ "edible plant" and the collective plural _ashin_
"vegetables", _brytha_ "to milk", _dor_ "farm", "agriculture", _dora_
"to farm, to grow", _dorsen_ "field, kitchen garden", _garina_ "to
sow", _lust_ "root", _lusta_ "to take root, to plant", _morhin_
"earth, soil", _osta_ "to lay eggs", _pula_ "to harvest", _pulsin_
"harvest", _pulyn_ "plant cutting", _pulyna_ "to pick", _rachli_
"poultry", _salna_ "to ripen", _sam_ "a fruit" (usually in the
collective plural, _sami_ "fruit".

  10.  The parts of the Natural World.

Animals should probably be in here, but it's hard to make a
representative selection, so I left them out altogether.

_Arli_ "the world, Creation" (literally "the realities"), _bryn_
"mountain", _crys_ "snow", chenyas_ "grassland, prairie", _dayen_
"the element water" with its dual _idain_ "water in nature" and the
plural _idaini_ "sea", daysin_ "rain", _gulyas_ "lowland, foot of a
mountain", _hinyas_ "highland", lanyas_ "chasm, valley", _lau_
"moon", _laz_ "star", _lest_ "sky", _nashen_ "dark", _nyshas_ "sandy
desert", _rach_ "air, wind", _reshin_ "forest", _ruzin_ "fire",
_rhis_ "cold", _sain_ "wilderness" (without roads), _laz sainan_
"planet" (_sainan_ means "vagabond", "one who lives in the
wilderness"), _shen_ "light", _turn_ "thunder", _varzas_ "island".

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