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Re: Impersonal Passives and Quirky Case in Subject-Prominent Languages (was: Copula)

From:Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>
Date:Thursday, March 22, 2007, 21:08
Quoting Eldin Raigmore <eldin_raigmore@...>:

> Not in all I-E languages, if I remember correctly. I believe someone on this > list > mentioned a Scandinavian language which he or she speaks, in which the > verbs don't agree in any way with any of their participants. So, triggering > agreement is not a necessary condition of subject-hood in every I-E language.
Modern Swedish fits that bill. Verbs only inflect for TAM, all person and number categories having collapsed. I think the same goes for Danish and Norwegian, but I'm not 100%. (However, predicates can show agreement if adjectives are involved, eg. _huset är grönt_ "the house is green" vs _husen är gröna_ "the houses are green". You get gender agreement too; _bollen är grön_ "the ball is green". Despite the same thing happening in Spanish my Spanish teacher gets this wrong all the time, perhaps because it breaks the wider pattern of non-agreement.) Andreas