Re: Obsessed with Mouth Noises
|From:||Thomas R. Wier <trwier@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, April 14, 2004, 5:44|
From: Ray Brown <ray.brown@...>
> Indeed, altho deep structure is a central
> theoretical term of most versions of transformation grammar, some
> generative studies, I understand, have called into question the role of
> deep structure, suggesting that a separate level of underlying syntactic
> organization between surface and meaning is unnecessary and misleading.
That's more or less right. Although Chomsky's Minimalist Program has also
done away with the notion of "Deep-structure" or "D-structure", it's still
derivational: the single rule "movement-alpha" is held to occur automatically
as a result of feature checking at various structurally defined positions
in a syntactic tree. Most other versions of generative grammar, especially
the Lexicalist family of theories, generate grammatical sentences with each
module running in parallel. A number of constraints (very many, in Optimality
theoretic syntax) determine which mappings from one module to another are
grammatical or not.
Thomas Wier "I find it useful to meet my subjects personally,
Dept. of Linguistics because our secret police don't get it right
University of Chicago half the time." -- octogenarian Sheikh Zayed of
1010 E. 59th Street Abu Dhabi, to a French reporter.
Chicago, IL 60637