|From:||Dr. Peter E. Tarlow <tourism@...>|
|Date:||Friday, September 14, 2007, 2:06|
The modern Hebrew word for electricity (Chashmal)
is derived from the Book of Jeremiah. Chashmal
refers to an invisible force that can create
great movement. Right after Rosh Ha'Shanah I can
provide you with the exact Biblical citation.
From chashmal (hard ch as in Scotish word "loch")
we get chashmali (electrical), chashmalit
(electric train) chashmalay (electrician) etc
Dr. Peter Tarlow
1218 Merry Oaks,
College Station, Texas, 77840-2609, USA.
Telephone: +1 (979) 764-8402.
>Eugene Oh wrote:
>>2007/9/13, R A Brown <ray@...>:
>>>Isn't the modern Hebrew for 'electricity' derived from a Biblical Hebrew
>>>word for _amber_? And the Chinese is certainly non-Greek-based, namely
>>>dian4 (which IIRC is also the word for 'lightning').
>>Technically wouldn't the mod. Hebrew word be counted then as sort of
>It depends how loosely you define the term, I
>guess. I understood John Vertical's question to
>refer to derivations from the actual Greek
>language, i.e. from _electron_ (amber).
>>given that presumably it was one of those words that
>>Eliezer Ben-Yehuda or one of the Haskalah-ites (what do you call the
>>people of the Haskalah?) calqued from the major European tongues of
>Oh, yes, if I've remembered it correctly, it is certainly a calque.
>>Or I may just be thinking too much. :-p
>Not at all. It's worth pointing out. We have, in
>fact, three categories of language, so to speak,
>(a) Those like the majority of European
>languages that derive the word for 'electricity'
>etc. from the Greek ÐÉÉÉ»É-ÉÕÉÀ (e:lektron)
>(b) Those that are calqued from the major
>European languages, i.e. derive their words from
>their own (possibly archaic) word for "amber",
>e.g. Icelandic and IIRC modern Hebrew.
>(c) Those which derive their word for
>electricity from a quite different source, e.g.
>Finnish & Chinese and .....
>Welsh: trydan <-- tân "fire" with the prefix
>_try-_ (plus soft mutation) "through, inner".
>Thus 'electricity' is, so to speak, 'the fire
>Breton similarly has _tredan_.
>Nid rhy hen neb i ddysgu.
>There's none too old to learn.