Re: Prevli: a question
|From:||Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, October 21, 2007, 19:24|
Quoting Roger Mills <rfmilly@...>:
> I'm considering having various verbal derivations ~moods-- some or all of:
> desiderative 'want to vb.'
> inchoative 'become vb/adj'
> inceptive 'begin to vb'
> causative 'cause to vb.' (perhaps to include caus.+incho. 'cause-become
> ..' -- or not?)
> coercive 'make/force s.o. to vb'
> and two whose names I'm not sure of--
> obligative 'must/ have to...'
> debitive 'ought/ should...'
> (a little googling tells me that "debitive" in Latvian at least is must/have
> Whether to use prefix/suffix, or compound with relatable lexical items-- not
> yet decided (more morphophonemics, yay!!). Some may eventually be better
> done periphrastically.....
> Any others I might consider??? I thought there was a rather extensive post
> about these terms in the Listserv archive, but don't seem to have found it.
Tairezazh has a series of postverbal modal particles, which I for some reason
decided to find latinate terms for the lot of. The below list may perhaps serve
as some inspiration, altho some of the terminology may be idiosyncratic:
Interogative; marker fe; turns the verb's sentence into a yes-or-no question; eg
Seno ðek fe? "Did he go?".
Potential; marker fiks; indicates ablitity of carrying out the verb's action; eg
Seno ðék fiks "He can go, he is able of going".
Debitive; marker gez; indicates that the subject should do something; eg Senen
ðék gez "They should go".
Obligative; marker koi; indicates that the subject needs to do something; eg
Seno ðék koi "He needs to go".
Subjunctive; marker lep; indicates irrealis or hypotheticality; eg Tse sena ak
lep ated "If she were here".
Permissive; marker skei; indicates that the subject is allowed to carry out an
action; eg a raig skei "You may eat".
Necessitive; marker tsin; indicates that the subject must do something; eg Sena
ðék tsin "She must go".
Desiderative; marker zent; indicates a wish to carry out the verb's action; eg
Sena ak zent ated "She wanted to be here".