Re: Question: Verb Paradigms
|From:||Rik Roots <rikroots@...>|
|Date:||Monday, September 24, 2001, 19:30|
> Has anyone every invented a language that has internal vowel change for
> any type of tense/aspect marking on the verb? I did so once in Megdevi where
> changing the short vowels from schwas to [I]'s you got the perfective,
> regardless of tense, thus:
> ?oj dZarabi: I'm eating.
> ?oj dZIrIbi: I've eaten.
> However, what I'm really interested in is stuff like German and English
> with "sing/sang" and "sehe/sah". I always try to come up with some sort of
> language that does things like this, but I'm always disappointed with the
> result because it ends looking too regular and/or too artificial. Are there
> any out there?
>Gevey has evolved a system of internal vowel changes, which are
triggered by the conjunction introducing the verbs clause: Most
clauses use the primary conjugation (a or e type conjugation), but
subjective (tethered) clauses use the secondary (o type) conjugation
and predicate clauses use the tertiary (i type) conjugation.
Thus, a type to i type (pajan, to pay):
Mary will pay the man
Marhe pagane ye loif
How will Mary pay the man?
Keeb Marhe pajine ye loif?
And a type to o type (caeban, to prepare):
Mary saw the dog
Marhe gluefate ye tuusehrh
Mary prepared the potatoes
Marhe caebate yuush prhipef
Mary saw the dog while preparing the potatoes
Marhe gluefate ye tuusehrh edezde caebote yuush prhipef
Of course, this is nowhere near as stunning as the vowel changes
associated with English strong verbs, but it does help to add a little
extra complexity to the language, which I like.
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