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Re: Newest natlang?

From:Alex Fink <000024@...>
Date:Wednesday, October 1, 2008, 21:36
On Wed, 1 Oct 2008 18:03:18 -0000, caeruleancentaur
<caeruleancentaur@...> wrote:

>The PIE root *reg- (move-, direct-, -in a straight line) gives >English (through *rog- in Germanic) the word "rake," >(German "rechen") the garden implement not because of the lines it >makes in the soil, but because it consists of straight pieces of >wood. So I don't see "raak" and "rake" as being related.
How do we know which of those two motivated the semantic extension? Is there a cognate in some other lang applied to a different straight-handled tool? Were rakes once characterised by being uniquely or specially straight, more so than a hoe or a broom or whatever else? I can't bring myself to read the AHD's statement as strong enough to exclude other semantic developments, but only as one possible explanation of the fact that a noun derived from 'straight' might mean 'rake'. Anyway the OED splits from the AHD here and traces "rake" back to the base of _reke_ v. 3 'To cover up in earth or ashes' <> Goth. _rikan_ 'to heap up', no PIE antecedent provided. The relevant bit of the AHD: | IV. O-grade form *rog-. 1. rake1, from Old English raca, racu, rake | (implement with straight pieces of wood), from Germanic *rak. 2. rack1, from | Middle Dutch rec, framework, from Germanic *rak-. 3. Possibly Germanic | *rankaz (with nasal infix). rank2, from Old English ranc, straight, strong, | hence haughty, overbearing. 4. reckon, from Old English gerecenian, to | arrange in order, recount (ge-, collective prefix; see kom), from Germanic | *rakinaz, ready, straightforward. [...] Alex


caeruleancentaur <caeruleancentaur@...>