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R: Roumán Part III - Verbs

From:Mangiat <mangiat@...>
Date:Sunday, November 26, 2000, 12:13
Just wondering... does the verb agree with the absolutive, as in my Vaiysi?


> Verbs have three tenses, present, past, and perfect. All tenses have > "Exalted" forms (used when speaking to inferiors) and "normal" forms > (used when speaking to equals). Present tense also has special "humble" > forms, which only exist in third person, since the humble pronouns take > 3rd person agreement. In past and perfect, the "normal" forms are used > with the humble pronouns. There are four sets of verbs, Class I (-áu < > -are), Class II (-éi < -êre), Class III (*-le < -ere; sometimes > different), Class IV (-í < -ire) > > Here is the verbal paradigm of a class I verb > Perfect participle: -atous > > Present tense > Exalted Normal Humble > S P S P S P > 1 ou ánç en éinç > 2 as áç eis éis > 3 (a)ç an eç en áss áun > > Past tense > Exalted Normal > S P S P > 1 éi amos áin aléinç > 2 ést' ásteis áis aléiç > 3 óuç aron áiç áin > > Perfect tense > Exalted Normal > S P S P > 1 án alánç asen asénç > 2 ás aláç aseis aséç > 3 áç án aseç asen > > There is also an antipassive voice: > Present Tense > Exalted Normal Humble > S P S P S P > 1 açoun tousmous acein tusinç > 2 atles tóus éç tusiç > 3 atleç tousoun aceiç tousein atleis tóesoun > > Past Tense > Exalted Normal > S P S P > 1 épf toefeinç átlesen toeseinç > 2 apfist' toefeiç átleseis toeseiç > 3 apfeiç toefein átleseiç toesen > > Perfect Tense > Exalted Normal > S P S P > 1 apfean toefeanç ápfesen tóefeiseinç > 2 apfeas toefeaç ápfeseis tóefeiseiç > 3 ápfeaç tóefean ápfeseç tóefeisen > > Other perfect tenses are formed by abéi + perfect participle. > The Present Exalted is derived from the Present Indicative > The Present Normal is derived from the Present Subjunctive > The Present Humble is derived from the Future Indicative > The Past Exalted is derived from the Perfect Indicative > The Past Normal is derived from the Imperfect Subjunctive > The Perfect Exalted is derived from Pluperfect Indicative > The Perfect Normal is derived from Pluperfect Subjunctive > > Originally, the Exalted forms were the normal forms, and the Normal > forms were defferential forms, the subjunctive having a softening > effect. The Present Humble was originally a "Present Doubtful" > > Antipassive forms are derived from the agentive noun (e.g., amâtor) + > esse, thus amâtor sum -> amaçoun, the former absolutive is then placed > in the genetive. For example: > Active: > Go Yui ameç > I Julia love-3rdSingPresNormal > [GO Zwi 'AmEts] > > Antipassive > (Go) Yuiei amacein > (I) Julia-gen love-1stSingPresNormalAntipassive > [GO 'Zuje A'mAtsen] > > I've yet to work out the other declensional classes inflections, other > than that antipassive is identical for -áu, -éi, and -í verbs in the > plural, and in the singular only differs in that {a/e} is replaced by > {ei/i} for -éi verbs and {i} for -í verbs > > To be is çáu, a regular verb derived from _stâre_, _esse_ survives only > in inflections and in the question particle _eipf_ < epfi < efpi < espi > < es pi < est qui. Questions may also be formed simply by intonation, > or by placing _noun_ at the beginning of the sentence (represents a > collapse of Latin _nonne_ and _num_). > > Normal word order is SOV or SVO, but all orders possible. Modifiers > generally follow their head.