Re: some origins...
|From:||Nik Taylor <fortytwo@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, November 11, 1998, 6:59|
> what do you know about origins of simple word like time
> time is an abstract
> you can't touch time, you can't even see time (i've never seen time, ar=e
> so why time words in every languages are so old and simple are there an=y
> (time, Zeit, czas, toki, tiempo, tid, ido", uair, etc...)
Time comes from the PIE *di' (i' =3D i-macron), meaning "cut up, divide",
and thus originally denoted "a section of existence, a period of time".=20
*di' passed into Proto-Germanic as *ti', on which was added the suffix
*-mon, producing *ti'mon, hence English "time". Latin "tempus" is
thought to have come from PIE *ten-, meaning "stretch", thus "a stretch
of time" (altho I personally think that is an odd theory, given that it
would require a parallel metaphor). So, either way, it's a concrete
word being used abstractly.
> and what about articles, what can be origins of them?
I don't know if it's true in all languages, but it's often from definite
articles. The English "the" comes from Old English _se_, the nominative
singular masculine for "that" (the "th" comes from the inflections - all
the other forms began with th-), the neuter singular nominative was
"thaet" (=FE=E6t). In the romance languages, it comes from Latin "ille"
(also meaning "that"), which is also the origin of the third-person
pronouns, hence homophones like Spanish "e'l" (he) and "el" (the, masc.
"It has occured to me more than once that holy boredom is good and
sufficient reason for the invention of free will." - "Lord Leto II"
(Dune Chronicles, by Frank Herbert)
ICQ #: 18656696
AOL screen-name: NikTailor