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Re: Dental Fricatives

From:Keith <kam@...>
Date:Saturday, March 1, 2003, 4:32
Be'27 Feb 2003 wektaba Danny Wier <dawier@...>

>| The bit in the inner quotes is in Aramaic and "earth" is written once >| with /3/ and once with /q/!
> They might've been used interchangeably, or Proto-Semitic <s'.> > (emphatic voiceless lateral fricative) became /?\/ in one form of > Aramaic and /q/ in another. I'd have to read into that. I got some .pdf > files on Semitic orthography and phonetics I need to study.
To my mind, the alternation suggests a voiced uvular stop /G\/ since <q> gets everything right but the voicing, and <3> is right apart from being a fricative (maybe?) rather than a stop. /G\/ isn't too far from the arabic /d./ (/d~/ if you like) and could have resulted from assimilating the point of articulation to the "gutteral colouring", (cf the change in Celtic and Greek of PIE /k_w/ >> /p/ where a labialised velar stop becomes a plain labial). But to get either /G\/ or /d./ from an "emphatic voiceless lateral fricative" means that you throw away everything in the description apart from "emphatic"! That's why I'd like to reconstruct a ProtoSem /d./ /l./ /dl./ or somesuch. The emphatics as a whole aren't especially common and the rarer ones would have had a very low functional load, so an original orthogonal "grid" could easily get obscured by mergers. /d./ and/or /l./ might have merged with /t./ or /s./ or /d/ or /l/ in various langs, assuming the latter were more frequent. /l./ >> /3/ = [R] might also be feasible.
> Sergei Starosin has something like this for an inventory for P-Semitic:
> b p p' d t t' dz ts ts' s dZ tS tS' S tl tl' g k k' gw kw k'w X R H 3 h > ? m n r l w y / a i u a: i: u:
Well if he's allowed waifs and strays from PIE like /gw/ etc (and emphatics with everything) I ought to be able to slip in an extra 3ayin and a series of voiced emphatics /d. dz. dl. dD./ >> /d. z. l. D./ :-)
> Which isn't much different than Bomhard's Nostratic inventory, or > (ObConlang) Old Tech.
Hmm, must have a proper look at Tech. As for Nostratic, lets see a credible reconstruction of Afroasiatic first. If there's one on the web please direct me thither.
> The status of uvular fricatives: they were probably once stops: [q] [G\] > that became fricatives.
A conditioned split, later phonemised (is that the word?) ??? BTW I don't consider this entirely off-topic, because the sort of wild experimentation that conlanging entails is IMHO likely to throw up useful novel ideas re natlangs. Nentatam, Keith Mylchreest