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Swahili on ice (was: Biwa)

From:John Cowan <jcowan@...>
Date:Friday, November 3, 2000, 15:41
daniel andreasson wrote:

> I suppose I _could_ try and make Swahili go through some > _major_ sound changes, but still...
Umlauted vowels: ä ö ü Edh: ð How about this: A: Hujambo. Huðambe. Hi/Hello. B: Sijambo. Siðambe. Hi/Hello. A: Habari gani? Havär gän? How are you (lit. what are the news)? B: Habari nzuri (sana). Havär nizür (san). Good (very). B: Na wewe je? Na veve ðe? How about you(yourself)? A: Mzima. Imzim. Fine (lit. I am healthy). B: Nyumbani hawajambo? Jumbän hvaðambe? Is everyone at home well? A: Wote hawajambo. Vote hvaðambe. All are fine. A: Habari za kazi? Havär za käz? How is (your) work? B: Kazi inaendelea vizuri. Käz inendeleha vizür. Work is fine (lit. work is going well). A: Haya, tutaonana. Haj, tutonan. O.k. we will see each other again (later). B: Haya, kwa heri ya kuonana. Haj, kwa her ja konan. O.k.,Goodbye (lit. goodbye to see each other again). Sound changes: stress becomes initial (not visible orthographically) intervocalic voiced stops become voiced fricatives Swahili j (voiced coronal stop, IPA turned-f) becomes ð final a, u disappear final i disappears, fronts the vowel in the preceding syllable final o, e turn to schwa (written e) the first of two vowels in hiatus disappears, unless stressed in which case an epenthetic h appears w > v, any preceding vowel disappears (unless stressed) (purely orthographic change) y > j ny > j (nasality lost) syllabic m, n adopt the vowel of the next syllable (before the nasal) -- There is / one art || John Cowan <jcowan@...> no more / no less || to do / all things || with art- / lessness \\ -- Piet Hein