Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

Bírhrhalin gramar1

From:Tim Judge, Erion Telepalda <judget@...>
Date:Wednesday, March 28, 2001, 2:12
Verbs in Bírhrhalin are all regular exept for to be (I wanted a regular
language but couldn't resist). This is a result of contact with the
Kondalrim (and alien race native to Bírhrhal) whose grammer is almost devoid
of gramatical and lexographical (is that a word?) irregularity.

The Bellow examples are all in the Indicative mood. To put a verb into the
Subjunctive ad the sufix "-elh" to the verb after all other participles.

An example:

dam (to forgive)

Hi damesh
Dac damarsh
Sá damerh
hirim damarsh
Dacrim damersh
Sárim damarh

The Simple Past Tense:
Hi dameshent
Dac damarshent
Sá damerhent
hirim damarshent
Dacrim damershent
Sárim damarhent

Pluperfect Past:
Hi mellonent dameshent
Dac menent damarshent
Sá mellonent damerhent
Hirim melarhent damarshent
Dacrim menilhent damershent
Sárim lonarent damarhent

Imperfect Past:
Hi damesheng
Dac damarsheng
Sá damerheng
hirim damarsheng
Dacrim damersheng
Sárim damarheng

Hi damesharha
Dac damarsharha
Sá damerharha
hirim damarsharha
Dacrim damersharha
Sárim damarharha

mela (to be [irregular])

Hi mellon
Dac menë
Sá mellon
Hirim melarh
Dacrim menilh
Sárim lonar (I am still working on where that came from.)

The Simple Past Tense:
Hi mellonent
Dac menent
Sá mellonent
Hirim melarhent
Dacrim menilhent
Sárim lonarent

Hi melloneng
Dac meneng
Sá melloneng
Hirim melarheng
Dacrim menilheng
Sárim lonareng

Hi mellonent mellonent
Dac menent menent
Sá mellonent mellonent
Hirim melarhent melarhent
Dacrim menilhent menilhent
Sárim lonarent lonarent

Hi mellonarha
Dac menëarha
Sá mellonarha
Hirim melarharha
Dacrim menilharha
Sárim lonararha

Nouns have three genders (male, female, and neuter). As in english most
nouns are neuter but also some non living things are masculine and feminine
(e.g. dress "goz" is feminine while necktie "bezkon" is masculine).
Bírhrhalin has no indefinate article and six difinite ones,
"i" is the neuter singulare article. "Is" (not "iz") is the neuter plural
article. "í" is the masculine singular, while "ís" is the masculine. "Ai" is
the feminine singular article while (you guessed it) "ais" is the feminine
plural article.
Allthoug not always true in most cases a noun ending in a is masculine while
one ending in "ë" is feminine.
There are 5 plural sufixes:
"ar"- is the general suffix for things that are not capable of speach
rim- is the genral succis for things that CAN talk
rhim- is used to mean "many"
lu- is a dual suffix for a natural pair such as two brothers
lhu- is a dual suffix for any two things

      "nan" man
      "nanar" is not allowed because men are normaly capable of speach
      "nanrim" men
      "nanrhim" many men
      "nanlu" two men who are naturaly in a group to gethers such as
      "nanlhu" any two men

      "chala" a male dog
      "chalar (the last vowel is dropped) dogs
      "chalarim" is not allowed because in genral dogs can not speak
      "chalarhim" many dogs
      "chalalu" to dogs that naturaly go to gether in a group such as
champion show dogs
      "chalalhy" any two dogs

Adjectives follow a very English enflouenced system as far as gender is
concerned, in that they are NOT inflected for it or for any thing else.
However unlike English they follow the noun they modify.

Well thats all for now

Salut! (Français)
Orelë! (Bírhrhalin [my own language])
Namárië! (Quenya)
Farewell! (English)
Qa'pla'! (tlhingHol)

Tim Judge
Erion Telepalda

Get your FREE download of MSN Explorer at