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Lojban question

From:John Cowan <jcowan@...>
Date:Thursday, February 24, 2000, 16:05
FFlores wrote:

> >If you know anything about Lojban, I think most of their gismu place > >structures have an internal SVO word order, that is one word might be > >defined as "x1 hits x2." Of course, that's probably because the lang > >was designed by English speakers. :)
Lojban can use either SVO or SOV order. VSO order is also possible but requires a marker particle, because (oversimplifying) by default the first noun-phrase after a V is taken to be O. In a language that does not normally mark cases, and allows ellipsis freely, SVO makes sense, because SV and VO and SVO are all unambiguous.
> Is this true? And do you agree with that? I know nothing about > Lojban except its name, and the word _gismu_, though I don't > know its meaning either...
It means "root word", "unanalyzable content word". There are slightly more than 1400 of them. Each represents a verb (there are no nouns as such in Lojban) such as "x1 is black" (xekri), "x1 is a bear of species x2" (cribe), or "x1 hits x2" (darxi). Noun phrases are constructed with particles, so "bear" is represented as either "that-which is-a-bear" or "what-I-say is-a-bear" ("lo cribe" or "le cribe" respectively). -- Schlingt dreifach einen Kreis vom dies! || John Cowan <jcowan@...> Schliesst euer Aug vor heiliger Schau, || Denn er genoss vom Honig-Tau, || Und trank die Milch vom Paradies. -- Coleridge (tr. Politzer)