Re: Native languages of North-Eastern North America
|From:||Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>|
|Date:||Monday, March 19, 2007, 15:15|
Paul Bennett writes:
Just noticed that you say Greenlandic uses progressive assimilation to
resolve conflicts in consonant clusters. I doubt that. I suppose you
are talking about the largest (and official?) language on Greenland,
West Greenlandic or Kalaallisut. I think it allows much less clusters
that Canadian Inuktitut (and other Greenlandic languages), but still,
it also resolves them regressively:
inuk + tut > inuttut (IIRC, simply means 'human')
inuk + it + lu > **inuitlu > inuillu ('and humans/men')
Guuti + p + lu > Guutillu ('and God' (ergative))
Nuuk + mi > Nuummi ('in Nuuk')
(The defails are more complicated, so you will not want to mention
them. Sometimes the vowel becomes long and the endings are often
not simply, say, '-it' (as seen in 'inuk'+'-it').
inuk + p > inuup (ergative of 'inuk', 'human/man')
Nuuk + p > Nuup (ergative of 'Nuuk')
Anyway, maybe you had vowels in mind? E.g. when -ai- is avoided, it
usually becomes -aa-:
nuna + it > nunaat 'lands'/'countries'
But I don't know how the vowels behave in Non-Greenlandic Inuktitut.