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Arabic and BACK TO Self-segregating morphology

From:Gary Shannon <fiziwig@...>
Date:Monday, December 19, 2005, 17:12
--- Wesley Parish <wes.parish@...> wrote:


> All Semitic languages to the best of my knowledge, > use a triconsonantal with > two vowels to express basic verbal ideas, adding > complexity and additional > consonants and vowels to express more complex ideas.
My plan was for three consonants, each followed by a vowel or dipthong (possibly modified by "-n"), and an optional initial vowel or dipthong. Thus: "pkt" could be no shorter than "pokatu" nor longer than "ainpuinkiantiun" (although in practice none would really be THAT long). But in every case the vowels would be fully written out. There would be no inflections, and any change of vowel would mean a change in the meaning, not in case, tense, plurality, etc. Those would be marked by particles. The vowel changes would be uniform and and consistent. Thus if -a-i-a was the primary noun and a-a-in-a was the negative of the primary noun the with "nlj" we have "nalija" = knowledge and "analinja" = ignorance; with "wlt" we have "walita" = wealth and "awalinta" = poverty. Thus knowing the roots and patterns one can coin a new word or recognize a word not encountered before. So if we know that "sakisa" is success then even if we have never seen the word "asakinsa" we would know what it meant. And we would also know how to form "to succeed", "successful", successfully", "successful-person", "to fail", "unsuccessful", etc. Also, since every base word is three consonants long when we encountered a four-consonant word we would know that a prefix or suffix had been added, and by the vowel patterns we would know which. And likewise, five-consonant and longer words would, by their vowel patterns be easily broken down into their roots and affixes according to vowel patterns, thus retaining the self-segregating property. --gary


Jim Henry <jimhenry1973@...>