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Phonology and Questions

From:yl-ruil <yl-ruil@...>
Date:Saturday, May 6, 2000, 13:38
ku sianú cazyá!

I have been "reconstructing" Kansú's parent lanuage- *Qanhësunhï
/qan.e.sun.i./. I have the phonological system, and I'm quite proud of it:

        bilabials        dentals        velars        uvulars        glottal
stop     p, p'            t, t'             k, k'          q, q'             '
fric       f, f'              s, s'            x, x'           h, h'       
app      w                r, l, lh
nas      m, mh           n, nh          ñ, ñh

The apostrophe marks glottalisation, as in Quecha. lh represents the lateral
fricative, as found in Nahuatl. mh, nh and ñh are the voiceless equivalents of
m, n and ñ (which is velar, not palatal. Qanhësunhï did not posess a palatal
series). These were lost word-finally in Kansú, so collapsing the noun case
system, leaving only a high pitch.

Vowels are a, ä, e, ë, i, ï, o, ö, u and ü. They retain their "classical"
quality. The diariesis marks voicelessness.

Well, that's it so far. Now for the questions.

1) Kansú has a pitch-accent, but the placement of this is highly irregular, and
not all words are accented. I really can't find a way to resolve this into a
rule for accent in Qanhësunhï, so I've been thinking about letting Q have a
stress-accent. This means I have to find a way for "pitchogenesis" to happen.
Would voiceless nasals leave a high pitch behind? How did the pitch-accent
occur in any real languages?

2) Are there any natlangs with voiceless vowels? I can only think of Cheyenne.

3) What does "creaky voiced" mean?

4) Totally off-topic, what is the origin of the Latin and Celtic -b- future?
AFAIK it's an areal feature, but where does it come from? Is is from IE bhu "to
be", as an infix?

*qumh sïlhanunhä' kas'ëlhañh!


I chirikleski kul chi perel duvar pe yek than

The droppings of the flying bird never fall twice on the same spot