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Re: [x] in English?

From:Danny Wier <dawier@...>
Date:Thursday, September 30, 1999, 23:48
Daniel Andreasson:

>Hi y'all.
Hi to you! You must be from southern Sweden. ;)
>I've been watching a BBC production called >"The Childrens' Hospital" or "Alder Hey" or >something. Some people there (I've heard at least >three people use it) use a voiceless >velar fricative [x] instead of the stop [k] in >word final positions. >One example is the word 'back' which is pronounced >[b&x]. What's that? Is it some Gaelic influence >on northern English dialects or what? Although it >sounds pretty cool IMO.
I've never heard that myself, but I am in Texas. We do have very strange= =20 pronunciations, but no [x] anywheres I know. (I discovered this morning=20 that I do pronounce 'd, l, n, s, t, z' after 'r' as retroflexes, and if I= 'm=20 not mistaken Swedish and Norwegian do in some regions...) Anyway, I reckon that would be a very localized Scots pronunciation (Scot= s=20 English of course has phonemic /x/ and not just in 'loch' either), or may= be=20 not. That is, incidentally, one of the stop-to-fricative shifts that tak= es=20 place in High German dialects which do not occur in Low German. (Example= s:=20 _ich_ 'I' vs. _ik_, _dorf_ 'town' vs. _dorf_, _fu=DF_ 'foot' vs. _fut_.) Or it could be Celtic influence, since of course you have /k/ to /x/=20 lenition/spirantization in all Celtic languages. But you got me curious, I outta check this out... DW
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