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Lateral affricates > ?

From:Dirk Elzinga <dirk_elzinga@...>
Date:Friday, February 28, 2003, 14:45
At 8:48 PM -0600 2/27/03, Danny Wier wrote:
>Which leads me to a question: > >I've read of cases in Northeast Caucasian languages, and Nostratic (if >it existed), that lateral affricates became velars or uvulars. And >Afro-Asiatic /tl/ and /tl'/ correspond to velars /k/ and /g/ in >Indo-European and /x/ in Kartvelian. > >This might explain the possibility of P-Sem /tl'/ (Arabic /d./) being >realized as /q/ in a form of Aramaic. > >Did this happen in any other families, like Na-Dene or Uto-Aztecan?
In Uto-Aztecan, the lateral affricates are confined to the Aztecan branch (part of Southern UA); they are a development of PUA *t which occurred before *a. The ubiquitous word-final <tl> of Nahuatl is the reflex of the PUA absolutive suffix *-ta. (The Uto-Aztecan absolutive is not a case suffix; it indicates that a noun is not in composition with another stem, postposition or possessive. In modern UA languages, the absolutive is sometimes used as a nominalizer.) Dirk -- Dirk Elzinga "It is important not to let one's aesthetics interfere with the appreciation of fact." - Stephen Anderson