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Re: Imperatives in Nrit

From:Roger Mills <romilly@...>
Date:Tuesday, June 19, 2001, 5:12
Shreyas Sampat wrote:

>Okay. In Nrit there are two ways to form infinitves - via nominalization, >and by way of a subjunctive construction. > >The nominalization can simply nominalize the verb, or it, too, can be a >subjunctive that suggests that there be an agent or object of an action. > >Example: > >from the verb <nio> we get > >ni:azha = the seeing >nio:r kasta: = seen-thing let-it-be >niu:~ln kasttsu~n seers you-should-be > >With subjunctives, we can say <sitti~n eskane niokS@tsu~n>, "y'all should >look at that". > >I'm wondering if this is too clunky. Only the first form, with the -zha >and i-mutation, is at all compact.
I like all of them. Ascending degrees of politeness? nio:r kasta: is a little reminiscent of the Malay/Indonesian negative passive imperative: jangan di/makan, lit. do-not be-eaten i.e. '(it is) not to be eaten!', or simply, "don't eat that!"-- perhaps a way of softening a prohibition, by focusing on the object rather than the subject "you". (I'm not sure whether it works for a positive command-- i.e. makanlah 'eat [it]!' but ???? dimakanlah ?'let it be eaten'???)