LONG: Analogy in Conlangs (please help!)
|From:||Elliott Lash <al260@...>|
|Date:||Monday, February 11, 2002, 2:34|
Hello Everyone!! I am currently working on the 4th incarnation of Nindic, a cousin
language of Silindion. Nindic is very influenced by Welsh, and like Welsh has
undergone lenitions and apocope throughout it's history. This has produced a
wide variety of irregularities and general strangenesses, in both the forms of
the stem, and suffixes.
A few examples at this point are probably needed:
The past participle is now wholly formed by adding -edh/-es to the root:
tedhes <ruled> (-edh dissimilated to -es)
pedes <eaten/failed> (homophonous verbs, infinitive: pedi, peidi)
All of these however seem to be formed by analogy with liquid stems (-r/-l)
the *regular* forms would be:
meredh < merdh < mor-dai
merched < merchd < mersk-dai
teid < teedd < tad-dai
pest/peist (eaten/failed)<pethd/peethd < pet-dai/pat-dai
lhyched < lhychd < lusk-dai
miredh < mirdh < mir-dai
Another extremely widespread analogy is in the Future tense, where a-stem 1st
singulars, and e-stem elsewhere have taken over from regularly developed
TO FALL FUTURE:
The *regularly* developed forms would be:
Which would conflict with the Past Tense 1st singular and the present tense second
singular in all particulars. Hence the analogy.
I'll just list the last areas of analogy:
1) 1st singular present in all verbs is from a-stems
2) Imperatives of all verbs have been remodeled on the basis of -o stem verbs,
and especially the verb: egerri: to stay, imperative egerro: stay!
3) definite nouns are all remodeled on the basis of a-stems. So a noun like....
athron <spruce> *attrenu, would, if regularly developed form a definite like:
athronod <the spruce> *attrenuta, but instead it is <athronad>
4) Adjectives have been reduced to two declensions (in forming comparative and
superlative forms). Most are formed like a-stems: comparative: -a, superlative:
-ad. Some are formed like -ai or -ye stems: comparative: -i, superlative: -iid.
5) A major plural suffix -iin, has spread from a few collective nouns formed from
-ai stems. The suffix originally was -aina, and was a collective noun former,
but eventually it was used as the plural of all -ai stems and then became the
plural of nouns whose singulars had become indistiguishable from their plurals.
6) The plural suffix -aedh, extended to a few random nouns from -d stems.
7) Many other areas such as a few lenition rules and such.
How realistic is this? I always worry that i'm introducing far too many analogy forms.