NGL: Voice modals
|From:||Gerald Koenig <jlk@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, September 20, 1998, 3:07|
I need comments and criticism on this new bit of grammar I have just
written. As has happened before, Stephen made me do it.
FIU type of modals.
fiu::- when x1, the first argument of P, is the subject of P and
the patient in P; P is true.
Abel fiu pa kill Cain.
Abel(the patient) was killed by Cain.
Abel fiu pa kill.
Abel(victim) was killed.
hia::- when x1, the first argument of P, is the subject of P and the
agent in P; P is true.
Cain hia pa kill Abel.
Cain (agent) killed Abel.
Cain hia pa kill.
Cain (perpetrator) killed.
"Patient is a 'semantic role' that is usually the surface object of the
Verb in a sentence. [Cain has the semantic role of agent in both aboves.]
A semantic role is the underlying relationship that a participant has
with the main verb in a clause. Semantic role is the actual role a
participant plays in some real or imagined situation, apart from the
linguistic encoding of those situations" [ie subject or object.]
Gerald Koenig, for the NGL project. (and your project)
Vector Tense Makes Sense. (if not would you please let me know?)