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Evolution of Applicatives (+ passive/antipassive question)

From:Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>
Date:Wednesday, November 10, 2004, 12:02

"Thomas R. Wier" <trwier@...> writes:
>... > > But since some languages have them, it must be possible... > > on a related note, are there any ergative languages which have > > applicatives? > > Mayan languages, which are mostly ergative, have them IIRC.
My Qthen|gai has applicatives, too. This is a recent extension partially due to this thread. It already had incorporated pronouns for any adjunct case, and now, it features a promotion of any adjunct to patient using an affix. You can also add a passive voice marker to further promote it to agent. BTW, I have antipassive voice, too, demoting an agent to patient. I defined that for passive voice, the original agent may be supplied as a causative adjunct. In antipassive voice, I defined that the original patient may be supplied with a serial verb construction (SVC) with the word 'to do' + patient. Is that feasible? Example: Normal: drink milk.PAT John.AGT 'John drinks milk.' Passive: John.CAU drink.PASS milk.AGT 'Milk is drunken by John.' Antipassive: drink.ANTIP John.PAT do.SVC milk.PAT 'John's drinking is done to the milk.' Is this feasible? (The SVC-marker has not yet materialised, I have to think about its exact surface form, but that's not important for the theory, of cause.) **Henrik