Evolution of Applicatives (+ passive/antipassive question)
|From:||Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, November 10, 2004, 12:02|
"Thomas R. Wier" <trwier@...> writes:
> > But since some languages have them, it must be possible...
> > on a related note, are there any ergative languages which have
> > applicatives?
> Mayan languages, which are mostly ergative, have them IIRC.
My Qthen|gai has applicatives, too. This is a recent extension
partially due to this thread. It already had incorporated pronouns
for any adjunct case, and now, it features a promotion of any adjunct
to patient using an affix. You can also add a passive voice marker to
further promote it to agent.
BTW, I have antipassive voice, too, demoting an agent to patient. I
defined that for passive voice, the original agent may be supplied as
a causative adjunct. In antipassive voice, I defined that the
original patient may be supplied with a serial verb construction (SVC)
with the word 'to do' + patient. Is that feasible? Example:
drink milk.PAT John.AGT
'John drinks milk.'
John.CAU drink.PASS milk.AGT
'Milk is drunken by John.'
drink.ANTIP John.PAT do.SVC milk.PAT
'John's drinking is done to the milk.'
Is this feasible?
(The SVC-marker has not yet materialised, I have to think about its
exact surface form, but that's not important for the theory, of