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Re: Lahabic Syntax

From:Adrian Morgan <morg0072@...>
Date:Wednesday, October 11, 2000, 0:11
Rik Roots wrote, quoting The Gray Wizard:

> > An adjective that occurs in a post-verbal or predicative position. > > 'The wizard is gray' as opposed to within a NP or attributive > > position. 'The gray wizard' > > This caused me huge problems a few years ago - I came up with a > grammar rule saying "all adjectives must be attached to a noun or > pronoun", then realised I couldn't say simple things like "the cat is > black". In the end I solved the problem by inventing something I > called a "universal pronoun" which was untranslatable, but pretended > to be a pronoun...
I still think [gza'rOnd@n]'s solution of 'byverbial adjectives' is an elegant one. Revision time: Basically, the 'byverbial' suffix (-l or -ll) on an adjective indicates that the verb explains how the adjective came to be attached to the noun. Gz. grammar: I-past WET-byverbial SWIM TO THE SHORE English: I, wet because of this, swam to the shore. By working in conjunction with the verb 'ykk' (is), byverbial adjectives can serve as predicate adjectives: Gz. Grammar: THE-present CAT BLACK-byverbial IS Intermediate: The cat, black because of this, 'is-so'. English: The cat is black. Byverbial adjectives also hold the key to Gzarondan passive sentences. The generic verbspace marker 'kkat' is similar to the English 'do/did [it]'. In passive sentences, however, it serves a unique role. The English phrase '... underwent an interaction involving ...' is the nearest possible equivalent. Gz. Grammar: I-past PUSHED-byverbial VERBMARKER YOU Intermediate: I, pushed because of this, (underwent an interaction involving) you. English: I was pushed by you. The above examples should demonstrate that byverbial adjectives are a very powerful, flexible and elegant idea. They are probably the grammatical feature that I am most proud of. -- web. | Here and there I like to preserve a few islands of sanity | within the vast sea of absurdity which is my mind. member/ | After all, you can't survive as an eight foot tall dragon | flesh eating dragon if you've got no concept of reality.