Tit'xka (Pretty Long Post)
|From:||Sheets, Jeff <jsheets@...>|
|Date:||Monday, December 28, 1998, 17:11|
Okay so I've got some of this done. I need to work on vocabulary a bit
more. It gets annoying working with an unimpressive 12 letter morphology.
Morphology Phonology etc.
Tit'xka has nine consonants and three vowels morphologically speaking. Note
that only 'n' and the vowels are voiced. All the rest are voiceless.
c /S/ like sh in shin, se(?those more Irish of you forgive any
here) in Sean
x /tS/ like ch in church
h /h/ when the last letter of a word it is pronounced as /K/ like q next.
q /K/ like ch in German Bach
? /?/ (Glottal Stop) (NOT pronounced at the beginning of words. This is
difficult for most English speakers, were used to an unwritten glottal
preceding vowel initial words.)
n /n/, when followed by k, h, or q and preceded by a vowel n becomes /~/ a
Vowels (s = stressed, us = unstressed)
a s & us: /a/
i s: /i/ us: /I/
e s: /@/ us: unpronounced.
note that all e's should be unpronounced unless there's no way around it.
Some dialects always pronounce them, but not the major ones.
Tit'xka tends towards an agglutinative form, and makes use of cases. It
does not use transitive/intransitive in any way (At least as far as I am
concerned). Instead of two cases for that (such as Subject/Object,
Ergative/**?**), it uses Active, Patient and the remainder of the cases to
express all other necessary Objects. Subjects in English would classify as
either Active or Patient, depending on the transitivity. Order is deemed as
SOV. Since both Active and Patient Cases classify as Subjects, the Active
usually takes precedence. Since all words are inflected to some degree,
word order is pretty loose, and is usually only used in formal settings.
Now some sample interlinear translations. The IPA can be helpful to figure
out how to spit it all out.
?aqihanxet cexaxanqa tetetixin
/aKihantS@t S@tSatSa~Ka t@t@titSin/
PAT-1SPoss-Heart INS-rage is-dry-PRES/INDICATIVE
"My heart is dry with rage."
tan ?aqihanxet cexaxanqa tetetixin
/tan aKihantS@t S@tSatSanKa t@t@titSin/
(ACT)-You PAT-1SPoss-Heart INS-rage is-dry-PRES/INDICATIVE
"You make my heart dry with rage."
?aqitanakeca?ax henani cexah nencitah xetin
/aKitanakSa?atS h@nani S@tSaK n@nSitaK tS@tin/
PAT-1SPoss-Favorite-meal Human-ADJ ribs roast-PPART is-PRES/IND
"My favorite meal is roasted human ribs."
?ananca skaseqitanta kikexin
/ananSa skasKitanta kiktSin/
PAT-Clan-Mother TOPICAL-1PPoss-success is-happy-PRES/IND
"The Clan Mother is happy about our success."
cenha xahen ?a?aqecticexat kiseskahicex kecikecank. kinenancexis
/S@nha tSah@n a?aK@StiS@tSat kis@skahiS@tS k@SikSaNk kin@nanS@tSis
Petty (ACT)-dragon PAT-Every-Worker LOC-Nursery Kill-PAST/IND. This-Clan
"The petty dragon killed all the workers in the nursery. This clan will
?axasi kecikecat skecexacexanxak
/atSasi k@SikSat sk@S@tSaS@tSantSak/
PAT-Him Kill-IMPERATIVE For-3SMalePoss-Insolence
"Kill him for his insolence"
(Note: Imperatives use an SVO word order, and the subject is always the
Patient in this case. The idea is that orders should be obeyed, and
therefore, the target and action are stated plainly as soon as possible,
while explanations are given last.)
xetin ?atan cinenenca tenenanca xi
/tS@tIn atan Sin@n@nSa t@n@nanSa tSi/
Be-PRES/IND PAT-you ACC-friend DAT-Clan-Mother INTPART
"Are you a friend to the clan mather?"
(Notes: INTPART is the interrogative particle. Besides word order, it helps
distinguish the fact that a question is being asked. Questions typically
take the VSO order. This question expects a yes/no answer. If the speaker
wishes to indicate an expected answer, they state what they expect after
they ask the question. cta = yes = /Sta/ and xen = no = /tS@n/.)
xetin kic ?axancenca ckikih, cenha xahen. ?aqicencen skecetin.
/tS@tIn kiS atSanS@nSa SkIkiK S@nha tSah@n aKiS@nS@n sk@StIn/
Be-PRES/IND (ACT)-What PAT-2SPoss-Business With-Me, Petty Dragon?
"What is your business with me petty dragon? My patience is challenged."
(Note: The interrogative particle is not used in this case because an
interrogative pronoun is used in the sentence, specifically the Actor of the
verb. It demonstrates the information lacking, and thereby requests the
information of the person or people the speaker is addressing.)
Ctaqensaxas ?akih stecnin,
Tecact staxan stixan nicenin,
Kih ?akaneca taxetin xanesin
Kisekanq taceta tecna?ecaq
Kih saninqti saxacati.
?aqixacet sasinank secin.
(Note, I have two more stanzas of this poem to translate yet.)