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Re: Principles and causation (was: Language Creation etc.)

From:John Cowan <jcowan@...>
Date:Wednesday, May 15, 2002, 21:39
Christophe Grandsire scripsit:

> Of course, and all you say is perfectly clear, but defining what is being *in > accordance* with a principle or not won't help understand what it is to be > *because of* a principle.
It means that the motivation behind your behavior was the desire to conform to a principle. Of course I cannot tell, just looking at what you do, whether you are motivated by principle or not, even if I know what your principles are.
> Until you find me an example which positively contrasts an action done > *because of* a principle from an action accomplished *according to* a > principle, I think I won't be able to grasp this nuance which people seem to > find obvious.
Well, consider A, B, and C, who all tell the truth. A has a principle that says "Tell the truth", and he wishes to act according to his principles, so he tells the truth. B has no such principle, but believes that he will suffer if he does not tell the truth, so he too tells the truth. C like A has the principle, but like B his *motivation* for telling the truth is avoidance of suffering. C acts in accordance with his principle (objective), but not because (i.e. motivated by) it.
> > I'm thinking that such a situation must be quite a difficulty for IAL makers > who think they can manage to create a language truly unambiguous :)) .
Which is why Loglan/Lojban only strives for unambiguous orthography and morphosyntax, not semantics. -- John Cowan <jcowan@...> I amar prestar aen, han mathon ne nen, han mathon ne chae, a han noston ne 'wilith. --Galadriel, _LOTR:FOTR_