|From:||R. Nierse <rnierse@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, October 6, 1999, 11:31|
Has anyone ever heard of this conlang?
If not, read on.
A long time ago Boudewijn told the exams that students take in Leiden for
Language Description. He told that it was allowed to use invented words or
contructions, just as long you can show with them that you understand the
Last week I cleaned up my attic and found an exam I made on january 29
1990. I would like to share this with y'all, because some questions are
about a conlang: Sakardido. I will give you the examples and the questions
that go with it.
My question to you: can you deduct/see what language(s) was the inspiration
for Sakardido ?
"Study the following sentences of the fictitious [is this a correct word?
RN] language Sakardido carefully:
1a waz wuquc the boy walks
1b gogo yuquc the girl walks
1c it buquc the horse walks
2a wazba duwaquc the boys walk
2b gogobo duwaquc the girls walk
2c itbi ruwaquc the horses walk
3a dun waz wep'ec I see the boy
3b dun gogo yep'ec I see the girl
3c dun it bep'ec I see the horse
4a dun wazba deyap'ec I see the boys
4b dun gogobo deyap'ec I see the girls
4c dun itbi reyap'ec I see the horses
5a wazn gogo yep'ec the boy sees the girl
5b gogon waz wep'ec the girl sees the boy
5c gogon du yep'ec the girl sees me
6a du wanac I (male) swim
6b du yanac I (female) swim
7a te ba?anac we swim
7b te badunac we both swim
7c gogobon wazba dedup'ec the girls see the two boys
7d wazban te dedup'ec the boys see us both
Indicate wherre the morpheme boundaries are.
(help: there are three verb roots: uqu, ep'e and ana. -c indicates time)
What are morphemes? What are allomorphs?
What kind of morphemes occur in the above examples, judging the position of
the morphemes in the word; give examples
Study how in this language the actants are marked in the verb, and how
number. In answering this, make use of the symbols S (Subject of
intransitive verbs), A (agent of transitive verb) and O (patient of
Is this language (from a morphological point of view) nominative-accusative
or ergative-absolutive? (and why?)
Describe the class system of this language (pay attention to both singular
and plural forms)
What is the function of the case ending -n?
How is number coded in the noun and how in the verb; also treat the formal
aspect; try in both cases to give a explanation of the distribution of the
What are allophones?
What is vocal harmony (give an example of Sakardido)
Study the following sentences:
8a dun waz wuquluc I make the boy walk
8b wazban du yuquluc ?
bc dun gogos wazba deyap'eluc I show the boys to the girls
NB -s marks indirect object
Which grammatical category is indicated by the morpheme that is extra in
comparison to wuquc in 1a?
What are the consequences of adding -lu for the valency of respectively
intransitive and transitive verbs? (make use of the case endings too in
END of Sakardido