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Re: long consonants

From:Jean-François Colson <fa597525@...>
Date:Wednesday, March 9, 2005, 20:13
Once again, my message has been mangled by Outlook Express because I haven't
explicitely said the encoding was Unicode (UTF-8).

On Tuesday, March 08, 2005 11:26 PM, # 1 wrote:

> I'd want to ask if much languages distinguish long and short consonants > > like if /na/ and /n:a/ would have different meanings as it would be of > /na/ > and /na:/ > > > that's because I begun a language that I wanted to have only a few > consonants and vowels and to extend the possibilities the vowels and some > of > the consonants have long and short phonemic realisations > > > For the vowels I know it is normal and found in a lot of languages but > what's about the consonants? >
Here are a few minimal pairs in Hungarian. I copy them from the book "Hungara lingvokurso". The Hungarian and Esperanto words are from the book, the English words are my translation of the Esperanto words and I give no warranty about my transcriptions. Look this list with a monospace font. sok multa sokk ŝoko [Sok] much [Sok:] shock vet li ĵetas, semas vett li aĉetis [vEt] he/she throws, sows [vEt:] he/she bought megy li iras meggy acida ĉerizo [mEd'] he/she goes [mEd':] sour cherry len lino lenn sube [lEn] flax [lEn:] below kel li leviĝas kell li devas [kEl] he/she gets up [kEl:] he/she must meny bofilino menny ĉielo [mEJ] daughter-in-law [mEJ:] sky néz li rigardas nézz rigardu! [ne:z] he/she looks [ne:z:] look! ad li donas add donu! [Od] he/she gives [Od:] give it! JF